Classification / Names
आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
ऐकटीनोप्टीरेजी (रेज़-फिन्नढ मछलियाँ)
(Catfish) > Bagridae
Etymology: Bagrus: Mozarabic, bagre, taken from Greek, pagros = a fish (Dentex sp.) (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; स्वच्छ जल, अलवण जल ड़िमरसल; पोटामोड़िरोमस (Ref. 51243); गहराई सीमा ? - 60 m (Ref. 43507). Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468)
Africa: Nile River, Lake Chad, Niger and Senegal River, Lakes Mobutu (Lake Albert) and Turkana. Reported from Sanaga River basin (Ref. 27691).
Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age
Maturity: Lm 41.2, range 29 - 34 cm
Max length : 112 cm FL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 43434); common length : 50.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 13851); अधिकतम प्रकाशित वज़न: 12.5 kg (Ref. 43434); अधिकतम सूचित उम्र: 8 वर्षो (Ref. 51644)
पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 1; पृष्ठीय सौफट रेज़ (सम्पूर्ण): 8-12; गुदा कांटा 0; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 13 - 15; जानवरों की रीड़ का जोड़: 48 - 53. Diagnosis: body rather elongate, 5-6 times longer than deep (Ref. 7324, 57125); occipital process 4-6 times longer than broad (Ref. 57125). 9-11 branched dorsal-fin rays (Ref. 57125), the first prolonged into short filaments (Ref. 13851, 31256, 57125). Longest filament comprised 3-4 times in standard length (Ref. 7324, 57125). Predorsal length 2.4-2.6 times in standard length (Ref. 57125). Head width 1.7-2.2 times in head length (Ref. 57125) or 47.5-63% HL (Ref. 81641). Width of premaxillary tooth plate 2.5-2.8 times in head length; caudal-fin lobes often prolonged into short filaments; upper caudal-fin lobe comprised 2-3 times in standard length (Ref. 57125).
Found in lakes, swamps and rivers (Ref. 31256). Avoids salt water (Ref. 31439). Spends nearly the whole of the daylight hours in crevices of rocks and is therefor seldom seen (Ref. 51850). Lives and feeds on or near the bottom (Ref. 3034). Adults exclusively piscivorous (Ref. 31256). Preys on small fish, particularly Alestes spp. (Ref. 13851), or Chrysichthys auratus as in Lake Kainji (Ref. 3034); also feeds on insects, crustaceans, mollusks, vegetable matter (Ref. 28714). Efficiency of catching prey catfish is maximised by face to face attack, avoiding damage by dorsal and pectoral spines of the prey (Ref. 33614). There is some indication that the species comes to shallower water to breed (Ref. 43507). Spawning season extends from April to July (Ref. 51850). Parents build and guard the nest, which is like a flat disc with a central hole where the eggs are dropped (Ref. 51638). Size of the nest and the central hole depend on the fish size (Ref. 51638). Males become up to 7 years old, females 8 years (Ref. 51644). Mean sizes and weight of males are less than those of females from the same age (Ref. 51644, Ref. 51645). An important food fish. Flesh is good eating and of economic importance (Ref. 36900), commonly sold as food (Ref. 43521). Reputed to reach 100,000 g.
Reproduction takes place during high water (Ref. 2756). There is some indication that the species comes to shallower water to breed (Ref. 43507). From 4 breeding fish taken, 3 were from inshore waters and 1 from 40m depth in the open water (Ref. 49805). The nest is a relatively large depression with the shape of a flat dish and proportions relative to the size of the fish (Ref. 51638). A single well formed hole of about 10-15cm in diameter and 10-15cm depth is present nearly in the middle (Ref. 51638). Eggs are laid inside this hole (Ref. 51638). Eggs are white, having a diameter of little more than 1 millimeter (Ref. 45962). Larvae stay in the hole a couple of days after hatching (Ref. 51638). They swim above the nest when disturbed and return to hole after disturbance has stopped (Ref. 51638).
Risch, L.M., 1986. Bagridae. p. 2-35. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3236)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
मात्स्यिकी: व्यापारिक; आखेट मत्स्य: हां
संदर्भजलीयकृषिजलीयकृषि रूपरेखाखींचआनुवंशिकीऐल्लि आवृतियाँहैरेटिबिलटीबीमारीप्रक्रमणMass conversion
सहयोगीयोतस्वीरेStamps, Coins Misc.ध्वनिसिगुयटिरारफ्तारतैरने के प्रकारगिल क्षेत्रOtolithsदिमागदृष्टि
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00745 - 0.01168), b=3.00 (2.94 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
लौटाव (Ref. 69278
): निम्न, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 4.5 - 14 वर्ष। (tm=4-5; tmax=8; K=0.07-0.18; Fec=18,630-47,920).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .