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Bagrus bajad (Forsskål, 1775)

Bayad
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Bagrus bajad
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Bagridae (Bagrid catfishes)
Etymology: Bagrus: Mozarabic, bagre, taken from Greek, pagros = a fish (Dentex sp.) (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水 底生の; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 ? - 60 m (Ref. 43507).   Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468)

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Africa: Nile River, Lake Chad, Niger and Senegal River, Lakes Mobutu (Lake Albert) and Turkana. Reported from Sanaga River basin (Ref. 27691).

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 41.2, range 29 - 34 cm
Max length : 112 cm FL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 43434); common length : 50.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 13851); 最大公表体重: 12.5 kg (Ref. 43434); 最大記録サイズ: 8 年 (Ref. 51644)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 1; 背鰭 (合計): 8-12; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 13 - 15; 脊つい: 48 - 53. Diagnosis: body rather elongate, 5-6 times longer than deep (Ref. 7324, 57125); occipital process 4-6 times longer than broad (Ref. 57125). 9-11 branched dorsal-fin rays (Ref. 57125), the first prolonged into short filaments (Ref. 13851, 31256, 57125). Longest filament comprised 3-4 times in standard length (Ref. 7324, 57125). Predorsal length 2.4-2.6 times in standard length (Ref. 57125). Head width 1.7-2.2 times in head length (Ref. 57125) or 47.5-63% HL (Ref. 81641). Width of premaxillary tooth plate 2.5-2.8 times in head length; caudal-fin lobes often prolonged into short filaments; upper caudal-fin lobe comprised 2-3 times in standard length (Ref. 57125).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Found in lakes, swamps and rivers (Ref. 31256). Avoids salt water (Ref. 31439). Spends nearly the whole of the daylight hours in crevices of rocks and is therefor seldom seen (Ref. 51850). Lives and feeds on or near the bottom (Ref. 3034). Adults exclusively piscivorous (Ref. 31256). Preys on small fish, particularly Alestes spp. (Ref. 13851), or Chrysichthys auratus as in Lake Kainji (Ref. 3034); also feeds on insects, crustaceans, mollusks, vegetable matter (Ref. 28714). Efficiency of catching prey catfish is maximised by face to face attack, avoiding damage by dorsal and pectoral spines of the prey (Ref. 33614). There is some indication that the species comes to shallower water to breed (Ref. 43507). Spawning season extends from April to July (Ref. 51850). Parents build and guard the nest, which is like a flat disc with a central hole where the eggs are dropped (Ref. 51638). Size of the nest and the central hole depend on the fish size (Ref. 51638). Males become up to 7 years old, females 8 years (Ref. 51644). Mean sizes and weight of males are less than those of females from the same age (Ref. 51644, Ref. 51645). An important food fish. Flesh is good eating and of economic importance (Ref. 36900), commonly sold as food (Ref. 43521). Reputed to reach 100,000 g.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Reproduction takes place during high water (Ref. 2756). There is some indication that the species comes to shallower water to breed (Ref. 43507). From 4 breeding fish taken, 3 were from inshore waters and 1 from 40m depth in the open water (Ref. 49805). The nest is a relatively large depression with the shape of a flat dish and proportions relative to the size of the fish (Ref. 51638). A single well formed hole of about 10-15cm in diameter and 10-15cm depth is present nearly in the middle (Ref. 51638). Eggs are laid inside this hole (Ref. 51638). Eggs are white, having a diameter of little more than 1 millimeter (Ref. 45962). Larvae stay in the hole a couple of days after hatching (Ref. 51638). They swim above the nest when disturbed and return to hole after disturbance has stopped (Ref. 51638).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Risch, L.M., 1986. Bagridae. p. 2-35. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3236)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 119314)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
FAO(水産養殖: 代謝; ; publication : search) | FishSource |

より多くの情報

共通名の
類義語
代謝
捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
卵の集合体
生産力

卵の開発
参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
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遺伝
病気
行列
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画像
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
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カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00745 - 0.01168), b=3.00 (2.94 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (tm=4-5; tmax=8; K=0.07-0.18; Fec=18,630-47,920).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.