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Chlorurus sordidus (Forsskål, 1775)

Daisy parrotfish
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Chlorurus sordidus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chlorurus sordidus (Daisy parrotfish)
Chlorurus sordidus
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) 鸚哥魚科 (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Chlorurus: Greek, chloros = green + Greek oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 5213).   热带; 30°N - 33°S, 30°E - 130°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indian Ocean.
印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的纳塔尔 (参考文献 5490) 而且东至夏威夷群岛,列岛群岛, 与迪西岛北至琉球群岛, 南至柏斯,新南韦尔斯,罗得豪岛与拉帕岛。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 15.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2334)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 10; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 9. Initial phase very variable in coloration. Small individuals may be uniformly dark brown to light gray with or without the dark-centered light area on the caudal peduncle; large individuals may have a series of irregular rows of small light spots posteriorly or have the dark-centered light area on the caudal peduncle. The terminal phase is also variable with or without a large tan area on the side or on the caudal peduncle. Rounded snout (Ref. 48636).
初期阶段非常可变的体色。 小的个体可能是全黑褐色到淡灰色的具有或者没有中心深色的淡区域在尾梗上; 大的个体可能在后部地有一个成列的不规则的小淡色的斑点列或者在尾梗上有中心深色的淡区域。 最后阶段也是随着或者变化没有大的黄褐色的区域侧边上或在尾梗上。 圆的吻。 (参考文献 48636)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

One of the most widespread parrotfishes, but highly variable and some geographical forms that are probably subspecific (Ref. 48636). Inhabit both coral rich (Ref. 58652) and open pavement areas of shallow reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 5213), as well as drop-offs, behaving differently in various areas (Ref. 48636). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Juveniles found in coral rubble areas of reef flats and lagoons (Ref. 9710). Juveniles and individuals in the initial phase form large groups that migrate great distances between feeding and sleeping grounds (Ref. 9710). Feed on benthic algae (Ref. 30573). Minimum depth range reported taken from Ref. 30874. Protogynous (Ref. 55080). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.

最广泛分布鹦哥鱼之一, 但是高变异的与一些地理型可能那是亚种.(参考文献 48636) 栖息于水浅的礁石平台的珊瑚繁盛而底部开阔区域与舄湖与临海礁石 (参考文献 5213), 以及沿着被在各种不同的区域行为表现有异的海峭壁.(参考文献 48636) 稚鱼发现于礁石平台与舄湖的珊瑚残砾区域了。 (参考文献 9710) 在最初的阶段的稚鱼与个体形成大群鱼群以移动长距离在觅食区与休息区之间。 (参考文献 9710) 吃底部的藻类。 (参考文献 30573) 最小深度范围报告取自参考文献 30874. 雌性先熟的.(參考文獻 55080)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Size at sex change: 35.1 - 47.2 cm TL (Ref. 55080).印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的纳塔尔 (参考文献 5490) 而且东至夏威夷群岛,列岛群岛, 与迪西岛北至琉球群岛, 南至柏斯,新南韦尔斯,罗得豪岛与拉帕岛。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Eschmeyer, W.N., 1997. PISCES. Eschmeyer's PISCES database as published on the Internet in June 1997, URL: gopher://gopher.calacademy.org:640/7. (Ref. 12965)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 31637)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

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参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
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遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
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声音
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Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 28.8, mean 27.5 (based on 582 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.01269 - 0.01890), b=3.06 (3.01 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.29 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tmax=9; k >0.3).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.