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Mustelus antarcticus Günther, 1870

Gummy shark
個人による観察記録の追加 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Mustelus antarcticus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Mustelus antarcticus (Gummy shark)
Mustelus antarcticus
Picture by Duffy, C.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Triakidae (Houndsharks) > Triakinae
Etymology: Mustelus: Latin, mustela, -ae = weasel (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 底生の; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 0 - 350 m (Ref. 6871), usually ? - 80 m (Ref. 6871).   Temperate; 28°S - 44°S

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to southern Australia, from Western Australia through Bass Strait to Tasmania and northern New South Wales. Possibly extends northward to southern Queensland and Shark Bay in Western Australia. Confused with another undescribed species whose southern distribution extends to Dampier (20°40'S) (possibly Shark Bay) in the west and Bowen (20°S) (possibly Coffs Harbor) in the east. There is a single stock of gummy sharks in the area, however, regional stock differences might still exist.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 114.0, range 85 - 130 cm
Max length : 157 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 244); 175.0 cm TL (female); 最大公表体重: 30.8 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大記録サイズ: 16 年 (Ref. 6390)

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

An inshore and offshore shark found from intertidal waters (Ref. 13563) to a depth of 350 m. Feeds on crustaceans, marine worms and small fishes (Ref. 13563), also cephalopods. Forms schools by sex and size . Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Newborn and juvenile gummy sharks are found in many areas across southern Australia, but no well-defined nursery areas have been identified. These sharks are capable of long migrations, females traveling longer distances than males (Ref. 6390). Utilized fresh for human consumption (Ref. 6871). Maximum length data for female species is taken from Ref. 6390.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Ovoviviparous but aplacental, with 1 to 38 pups. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Gestation period ranges from 11-12 months. Newborn and juvenile gummy sharks aggregate in many areas across southern Australia but it is not known whether they inhabit defined shallow-water nursery areas. Ovulation takes place in Oct.-Dec. or Nov.- Feb. (WA). Parturition is complete by the following Dec. (Ref. 6390). The sharks are born at 30-35 cm (Ref. 6871).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 協力者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 April 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless (Ref. 13563)





Human uses

水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

より多くの情報

共通名の
類義語
代謝
捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
卵の集合体
生産力

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Age/Size
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体長-重さ
Length-length
体長組成
形態計測学
形態学
幼生
幼生の動力
補充
豊度
参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.1 - 19.8, mean 16 (based on 126 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.04-0.30; tm=4-6.9; tmax=16; Fec=1-38).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.