Parupeneus heptacanthus, Cinnabar goatfish : fisheries

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Parupeneus heptacanthus (Lacepède, 1802)

Cinnabar goatfish
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Parupeneus heptacanthus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Parupeneus heptacanthus (Cinnabar goatfish)
Parupeneus heptacanthus
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river.  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; brackvatten revassocierade; djupintervall 12 - 350 m (Ref. 37816), usually ? - 60 m (Ref. 1602).   Tropical; 35°N - 33°S

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa to the Caroline Islands and Fiji.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 11441); common length : 25.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 9947); rapporterad maxålder: 6 år (Ref. 86367)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 8; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 9; Taggstrålar i analfenan 1; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 7. Diagnosis: Pectoral rays 16 (rarely 15 or 17). Gill rakers 6-7 + 29-23 (total 26-30). Body depth 2.95-3.55 in SL; head length (HL) 2.9-3.25 in SL; snout length 1.75-2.1 in HL; barbel length 1.15-1.35 in HL; posterior end of maxilla evenly convex; longest dorsal spine 1.45-1.75 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray 1.05-1.25 in length of last dorsal ray; pectoral-fin length 1.25-1.4 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.4-1.6 in HL. Body brownish yellow to light red (deeper-dwelling fish more red), the edges of the scales darker, shading to silvery white ventrally; adults with a small reddish brown spot on upper side of body just below seventh and eighth lateral-line scales; an indistinct narrow yellow stripe often visible above the lateral line (more evident in juveniles and subadults); dorsal body scales often with a pale blue or pearly spot; faint iridescent blue lines extending dorsoposteriorly and ventroanteriorly from eye, and often a parallel one on the cheek below eye; second dorsal and anal fins with faint pale blue or pink narrow bands alternating with pale yellow. Although Gloerfelt-Tarp and Kailola (1984: 213) reported that this species (as Parupeneus pleurospilus) has a dark brown peritoneum, the Bishop Museum specimens have a pale peritoneum (Ref. 54393).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Occurs singly or in small groups, over muddy, sandy, rubble, or seagrass bottoms of lagoon and seaward reefs, usually below 20 m. Flesh is fairly good for human consumption (Ref. 6023, 41878).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Randall, John E. | Medarbetare

Randall, J.E., 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.2 - 28.1, mean 27.2 (based on 183 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00970 - 0.01490), b=3.09 (3.05 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (K=0.21-0.4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.