Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; air tawar dasar (demersal); nir-ruaya. Temperate; 10°C - 28°C (Ref. 2059); 42°N - 35°N, 6°W - 20°E
Europe: Spain along the Mediterranean coast between Tortosa and Cape San Antonio. Historical record from near Perpignan (France) where it is extirpated. In Appendix II of the Bern Convention (strictly protected fauna).
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 27139); 8.0 cm TL (female); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 4 Tahun (Ref. 59043)
Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 10-11; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 12 - 14. Diagnosed from other species of Valenciidae, Fundulidae and Cyprinodontidae in Europe by the following characters: male with caudal yellow to orange, with reddish-brown posterior margin; spots organized into 4-7 vertical rows; dorsal and anal fins of adult males reaching caudal fin; 28-29 scales in midlateral series on body; anal fin usually with 12-13 rays; pectoral fin with 13-14 rays; male bluish to greyish, with numerous very narrow darker bars, not always distinct anteriorly, iridescent spots absent (Ref. 59043).
A short-lived species. Adults are found in swamps, lagoons, springs and associated wetlands and other water bodies with little current and plenty of vegetation (Ref. 30578). They feed mainly on crustaceans and insect larvae (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction, water abstraction, pollution (Ref. 26100) and competition with the introduced Gambusia holbrooki (Ref. 59043). The first toothcarp in the German aquarium trade. Not a seasonal killifish. Difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Eggs are laid in batches of 10-30 eggs (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: tidak ada kepentingan; Akuarium: Komersial
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.46 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278
): sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (tmax=4; Fec=200).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .