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Chlamydoselachus anguineus Garman, 1884

Frilled shark
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Chlamydoselachus anguineus
Male picture by JAMARC

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Élasmobranches (requins et raies) (sharks and rays) > Hexanchiformes (Frill and cow sharks) > Chlamydoselachidae (Frilled sharks)
Etymology: Chlamydoselachus: Greek, chlamys, -idos = cloak, cape + Greek, selachos = shark (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Garman.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin bathydémersal; profondeur 0 - 1570 m (Ref. 10290), usually 120 - 1280 m (Ref. 247).   Deep-water; 74°N - 58°S, 169°W - 180°E (Ref. 84631)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Wide-ranging but with patchy distribution. Western Indian Ocean: off South Africa. Western Pacific: off Japan to New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to northern Chile. Eastern Atlantic: northern Norway to northern Namibia, possibly the eastern Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Three specimens have been recorded from the western Atlantic (Ref. 13608).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 135 - 150 cm
Max length : 200 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 26346)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 0; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 0; Vertèbres: 146 - 171. Eel-like shark with 6 gill slits, the lower ends of the first gill slits connected t each other across throat (Ref. 247). Dark brown or grey in color, sometimes paler below (Ref. 26346). Dorsal fin small and lobe-like originating over pelvic fin bases to behind anal fin origin (Ref. 6871). Anal fin larger than dorsal fin (Ref. 6871). Pectoral fins small and paddle-shaped (Ref. 6871). Caudal fin with weak ventral lobe and without subterminal notch (Ref. 6871). Terminal mouth with tricuspid teeth in both jaws (Ref. 247).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

An uncommon primitive shark (Ref. 26346) found on outer continental and insular shelves and upper slopes, usually between 120 and 1,280 m but occasionally caught at the surface (Ref. 247). Feeds on other sharks, squid and bony fish (Ref. 26346). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449), litter size ranges from 2 to 10 (Ref. 37390). Not dangerous but teeth are sharp enough to inflict lacerations on the hands of the unwary scientist examining its mouth (Ref. 247). Incidental in bottom trawl catches and utilized as fishmeal and as food fish (Ref. 247).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Number of young 2 to 15 (Ref. 26346). Gestation period is probably very long, one to two years (Ref. 39551). Size at birth 40-60 cm (Ref. 6871). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 247)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur
FAO(pêcheries: Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

Outils

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2.3 - 16.4, mean 7.4 (based on 1257 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00133 - 0.00866), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Très faible, temps minimum de doublement de population supérieur à 14 ans (Fec=2).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.