Élasmobranches (requins et raies) (sharks and rays)
(Frill and cow sharks) > Chlamydoselachidae
Etymology: Chlamydoselachus: Greek, chlamys, -idos = cloak, cape + Greek, selachos = shark (Ref. 45335). More on author: Garman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marin bathydémersal; profondeur 0 - 1570 m (Ref. 10290), usually 120 - 1280 m (Ref. 247). Deep-water; 74°N - 58°S, 169°W - 180°E (Ref. 84631)
Wide-ranging but with patchy distribution. Western Indian Ocean: off South Africa. Western Pacific: off Japan to New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to northern Chile. Eastern Atlantic: northern Norway to northern Namibia, possibly the eastern Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Three specimens have been recorded from the western Atlantic (Ref. 13608).
Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge
Maturity: Lm ?, range 135 - 150 cm
Max length : 200 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 26346)
Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 0; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 0; Vertèbres: 146 - 171. Eel-like shark with 6 gill slits, the lower ends of the first gill slits connected t each other across throat (Ref. 247). Dark brown or grey in color, sometimes paler below (Ref. 26346). Dorsal fin small and lobe-like originating over pelvic fin bases to behind anal fin origin (Ref. 6871). Anal fin larger than dorsal fin (Ref. 6871). Pectoral fins small and paddle-shaped (Ref. 6871). Caudal fin with weak ventral lobe and without subterminal notch (Ref. 6871). Terminal mouth with tricuspid teeth in both jaws (Ref. 247).
An uncommon primitive shark (Ref. 26346) found on outer continental and insular shelves and upper slopes, usually between 120 and 1,280 m but occasionally caught at the surface (Ref. 247). Feeds on other sharks, squid and bony fish (Ref. 26346). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449), litter size ranges from 2 to 10 (Ref. 37390). Not dangerous but teeth are sharp enough to inflict lacerations on the hands of the unwary scientist examining its mouth (Ref. 247). Incidental in bottom trawl catches and utilized as fishmeal and as food fish (Ref. 247).
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Number of young 2 to 15 (Ref. 26346). Gestation period is probably very long, one to two years (Ref. 39551). Size at birth 40-60 cm (Ref. 6871). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)
Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Utilisations par l'homme
Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur
RéférencesAquacultureProfil d'aquacultureSouchesGénétiqueFréquences alléliquesHéritabilitéPathologiesTraitementMass conversion
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.3 - 16.4, mean 7.4 (based on 1257 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00133 - 0.00866), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278
): Très faible, temps minimum de doublement de population supérieur à 14 ans (Fec=2).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .