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Squalus grahami White, Last & Stevens, 2007

Eastern longnose spurdog
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Squalus grahami   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Squalus grahami (Eastern longnose spurdog)
Squalus grahami
Male picture by Graham, K.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436);  grahami: Named for Ken Graham, a prominent ichthyologist of NSW Dept. of Primary Industries, Cronulla.  More on authors: White, Last & Stevens.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; diepteverspreiding 148 - 504 m (Ref. 58442), usually 220 - 450 m (Ref. 58442).   Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Australia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.2 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 58442); 71.1 cm TL (female)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

This species is a moderate-sized one of the ‘mitsukurii group’ with the following set of characters: very elongate body, depth 10.1-12.6% TL; narrow, moderately long snout, preoral length 2.38-2.53 times its horizontal prenarial length, 10.5-11.3% TL, mouth width 1.54-1.77 (1.66) times its horizontal prenarial length; pre-first dorsal length is 28.9-31.3 (30.0)% TL; pre-second dorsal length is 60.2-62.7 (61.2)% TL; interdorsal space is 22.3-24.7 (23.8)% TL; dorsal fins are small, raked, first dorsal-fin height 6.3-7.2% TL; first dorsal-fin spine short and weak; second dorsal-fin spine slender with moderately broad base; prepectoral length 21.7-23.6 (22.4)% TL; pelvic-caudal space 24.0-26.5 (25.4)% TL; pectoral fin of adults slightly falcate; pectoral-fin inner margin relatively short, 7.1-7.8% TL; caudal bar almost upright, extending narrowly from the caudal fork up the posterior margin of the upper lobe for usually about 0.4 (rarely to 0.6) of its length in immature individuals, upper caudal fringe narrow, sometimes with a narrow central blotch on upper lobe; flank denticles are weakly tricuspidate; monospondylous centra 37-42, precaudal centra 80-87, total centra 105-116 (Ref. 58442).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Medewerkers

White, W.T., P.R. Last and J.D. Stevens, 2007. Two new species of Squalus of the 'mitsukurii group' from the Indo-Pacific. pp. 71-81. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea: Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 pp. (Ref. 58442)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Bijna bedreigd (NT) ; Date assessed: 30 April 2003

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.4 - 18.9, mean 15.6 (based on 46 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00157 - 0.00733), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .