分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays)
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436); nasutus: Name from Latin 'nasutus' meaning large-nosed, referring to its elongated prenarial snout. More on authors: Last, Marshall & White.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海洋; 深度上下限 300 - 850 m (Ref. 58443), usually 300 - 400 m (Ref. 58443).
Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Probably extending to Westerm Pacific, the Philippines and Indonesia.
Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?, range 46 - ? cm
Max length : 49.9 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 58443); 59.0 cm TL (female)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
This small species of the ‘japonicus group’ has the following set of characters: very elongate body, depth 9.4-11.4% TL; narrow and long snout, preoral length 1.85-2.01 times its horizontal prenarial length, 11.1-11.7% TL; large eyes, 4.3-5.1% TL; secondary lobe of anterior nasal flap is well developed; small, raked dorsal fins; first dorsal-fin spine short, weak; second dorsal-fin spine short with strong base; pectoral fin of adult not falcate; pectoral-fin inner margin is short, 6.6-7.1% TL; caudal bar almost upright, short, broad, extending from the caudal fork to the posterior margin of the upper lobe for 0.4-0.5 of its length, upper caudal blotch is somewhat linear, and is located near the dorsal margin of fin lobe; flank denticles weakly tricuspidate; monospondylous centra 36-39, precaudal centra 78-81, total centra 103-109 (Ref. 58443).
Occurs on or near the bottom of the upper continental slope at 298-850 m; viviparous with yolk-sac dependency; no reproductive and diet data are available, however, it is presumed that the species feeds on small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans (Ref. 58048). Trawled mainly in 300-400 m (Ref. 58443). Marketed for its meat, fins, and liver oil which is of high value (Ref. 58048).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Last, P.R., L.J. Marshall and W.T. White, 2007. Squalus nasutus sp. Nov., a new long-snout spurdog of the 'japonicus-group' from the Inidan Ocean. pp. 83-90. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea:Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 pp. (Ref. 58443)
世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)
临近濒危 (NT) (A2d+3d); Date assessed: 01 August 2018
CITES (Ref. 123416)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.9 - 13.1, mean 10.8 °C (based on 56 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00155 - 0.00743), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .