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Elacatinus phthirophagus Sazima, Carvalho-Filho & Sazima, 2008

Noronha cleaner goby
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Image of Elacatinus phthirophagus (Noronha cleaner goby)
Elacatinus phthirophagus
Picture by Sazima, I.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Elacatinus: Greek, elakatines = fusiform fishes preserved in salt (Ref. 45335);  phthirophagus: From the Greek phteir, phtheiros = louse, and phagein, phagos = to eat, an allusion to this goby feeding mostly on larval, parasitic gnathiid isopods it picks from its clients.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut bentopelagis; kisaran kedalaman 3 - 18 m (Ref. 79614).   Tropical; 3°S - 4°S, 32°W - 33°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Atlantic Ocean: Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, a volcanic formation off NE Brazil, tropical Southwestern Atlantic (Ref. 79614).

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 79614); 2.5 cm SL (female)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 7; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 10-11; Duri dubur 1; Sirip dubur lunak: 11; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 18. Elacatinus phthirophagus differs from its congeners of the putative “randalli-evelynae” cleaning clade (sensu Taylor & Hellberg 2005) by the following combination of characters: mouth subterminal, pale (bright yellow in life) elliptical spot on dark snout, width of lateral pale (bright yellow in life) stripe almost equal as eye diameter (slightly narrower in live individuals), light purplish sheen (in life) extending laterally from below eye to tail origin, no blue line (in life) from below eye to end of opercular margin, teeth multiserial on the distal portion of both jaws, males with 3 enlarged and recurved teeth on dentary inner row (Ref. 79614). Body naked, elongate and slightly laterally compressed. Mouth subterminal, U-shaped. Teeth conical and slightly curved on both jaws (Ref. 79614). Color pattern: bright yellow postocular stripe extending to the middle of caudal-fin; bright yellow elliptical spot on blackish snout (the latter less pigmented in small juveniles); upper portion of eye bright yellow and lower part black; black lateral stripe from lower half of eye’s posterior edge to the middle of caudal-fin and more or less coincident with lateral septum (fading towards the end of caudal-fin); black dorsal stripe from middle of interorbital space extending in a curve to the anterior third of caudal-fin (in some large specimens the anterior part of this stripe is divided by a paler, grayish stripe); lower jaw and belly whitish, the anterior third of belly with a light purplish sheen; cheek and lower part of operculum to preoperculum rosy with purplish sheen; dorsal, pectoral and anal-fins, and outer border of caudal-fin pale with scattered dark chromatophores; pelvic-fin pale with no or fewer scattered chromatophores (Ref. 79614).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Occurs in the archipelago islets; in cleaning stations on coral heads, sponges, and rocky substrata, with up to 15 individuals present in large stations, particularly those on sponges. Recorded to clean about 30 species of fish clients, including large carnivores such as shark (Carcharhinus perezi) and smaller carnivores (grouper Cephalopholis fulva), besides small clients like the planktivorous damselfish (Chromis multilineata) and zoobenthivorous butterflyfish (Chaetodon ocellatus) (Ref. 79614).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Sazima, I., A. Carvalho-Filho and C. Sazima, 2008. A new cleaner species of Elacatinus(Actinopterygii: Gobiidae) from the Southwestern Atlantic. Zootaxa 1932:27-32. (Ref. 79614)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Negara-negara
Daerah-daerah FAO
Ecosystems
Kemunculan
Introduksi
Stocks
Ekologi
Makanan
Bahan makanan
Konsumsi makanan
Jatah
Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

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Sumber internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genom, Nukleotida) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(pergi, Cari) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00418 - 0.01902), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .