Canthigaster valentini, Valentin's sharpnose puffer : aquarium

You can sponsor this page

Canthigaster valentini (Bleeker, 1853)

Valentin's sharpnose puffer
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Canthigaster valentini   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | Videos |     谷歌图片
Image of Canthigaster valentini (Valentin\
Canthigaster valentini
Picture by Wilkie, M.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Canthigasterinae
Etymology: Canthigaster: Greek, kanthos = the outer or inner corner of the eye, where the lids meet, 1646 + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335);  valentini: Presumably after Gabriel Gustav Valentin (P.Adamicka, pers.comm. 11/09).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 55 m (Ref. 1602).   热带; 32°N - 32°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Durban, South Africa (Ref. 4919) and east to the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island.
印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的德尔班 (参考文献 4919) 而且东至 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至罗得豪岛。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - 5.4 cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4919)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 9; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 9. Side with two prominent dark bars extending to belly (Ref. 559).
侧边有两个延伸至腹面的突出的深色横带。 (参考文献 559)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found among coral heads and rocks of subtidal lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 4919, 5503). Common on coastal reefs at various depths. Mimic filefish, males are territorial and are often seen fighting (Ref. 48637). Feed mainly on filamentous green and red algae, tunicates, and on smaller amounts of corals, bryozoans, polychaetes, echinoderms, mollusks, and brown and coralline red algae. Form shoals (10-100 or more) often with the filefish, Paraluteres prionurus (about 5% of shoal) mimicking C. valentini to protect it from predators (Ref. 4919, 5503). Territorial and haremic; males spawn with a different female each day (Ref. 9710). One or more territories are occupied and defended each by a female where a single large male stands guard (Ref. 55082). All sexually mature females are territorial females (Ref. 55082). Demersal spawner (Ref. 35298).

发现于亚潮间带舄湖与临海礁石的珊瑚顶部与岩石中了。 (参考文献 4919,5503) 在各种不同的深度常见于岸礁。 拟态屯鱼, 雄姓具有领域性而且时常被见到战斗.(参考文献 48637) 主要吃丝状的绿藻与红藻,被囊类, 与在比较小量的珊瑚,苔藓虫类,多毛类动物,棘皮动物,软件动物与褐藻与珊瑚红藻上。 浅水型 (10-100个或更多) 通常有屯鱼, 副革单棘鲀〔Paraluteres prionurus〕 (大约 5% 的浅滩) 拟态 C. valentini 保护它免於掠食者.(參考文獻 4919,5503) 具有領域性與一雄多雌一起生活的; 雄性每天與一個不同的母魚交配。 (參考文獻 9710) 一個或多個領土被一個大的雄魚臺子保衛的一條母魚佔領而且防護每個。 (參考文獻 55082) 所有的性成熟雌性是具有領域性雌性。 (參考文獻 55082) 底棲產卵魚.(參考文獻 35298)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Social and mating systems of this species are based upon female territoriality where polygyny results from males defending females occupying a certain territory (female-defense polygyny) (Ref. 55082). All sexually mature females are territorial females (Ref. 55082). Neither parent guards the eggs which are laid in a nest located in the female's territory (Ref. 46142). During breeding, territorial females perform the 'caudal flexing with swollen abdomen display' to signal courtship and readiness to spawn. The male acknowledges with no courtship or color displays but rather by visiting the sites frequently. The territorial female then begins pecking at the substrate in preparation for egg laying. The female initiates the spawning event by pressing her abdomen into the prepared site. The territorial male quickly lays his body across her caudal peduncle and both remained in this position for 5-10 sec. The male swims away after leaving the female beating her anal fin rapidly over the nest site to ensure fertilization of the eggs and to push the eggs deep into the algal substrate (Ref. 46142). All territorial males spawn with territorial females, depriving the bachelor males of the chance to copulate which nevertheless don't interfere with the spawning between the territorial male and females (Ref. 46142).印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的德尔班 (参考文献 4919) 而且东至 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至罗得豪岛。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Matsuura, Keiichi | 合作者

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒 (Ref. 4919)





人类利用

水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

更多信息

国家
FAO区域
生态系
标本纪录
简介
Stocks
生态学
食性
食物相
食物消耗量
定量
俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 28.9, mean 27.6 (based on 846 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03020 (0.01577 - 0.05784), b=2.89 (2.72 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.30 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Fecundity = 400).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .