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Trichogenes claviger de, Pinna, Helmer, Britski & Nunes, 2010

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Image of Trichogenes claviger
Trichogenes claviger
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Trichomycteridae (Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichogeninae
Etymology: Trichogenes: Greek, thrix = hair + Greek, genes, genesis = birth, race (Ref. 45335);  claviger: The specific name refers to club-bearing in Latin, an allusion to the peculiar shape of the hypertrophied posterior process of the opercle in males of this species. An adjective.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar dasar (demersal).   Tropical

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

South America: known only from the type locality, an upland tributary of the headwaters of the rio Itapemirim drainage in southeastern Brazil.

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 85858)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Three autapomorphies distinguish T. claviger from all other members of the family: the sexually dimorphic posterior process of the opercle, much elongated in males (vs. short in both males and females); the terminal mouth (vs.subterminal or inferior); and the presence of an anterodorsal claw-like process on the dorsal surface of the neural arch of each of the anterior four free vertebrae. This species is distinguished from T. longipinnis, by several additional characteristics (some of which may also be autapomorphic, pending more detailed analysis): shape of the interopercle, with odontodes extending onto the posterodorsal margin of the interopercle on a bony expansion (vs. odontodes mostly restricted to ventral and posterior margins of the bone); posterior naris broader than long (vs. round); presence of an entirely differentiated fleshy lobe laterally on the lower lip (vs. fleshy lobe mostly continuous with the lower lip); no branched anal-fin rays in specimens of any size (vs. most rays branched in specimens over 41 mm SL); less deep caudal peduncle, 9.3-11.5 (vs. 10.3-12.6% SL); deeper head, head depth 72.9-86.6 (vs. 50.3-62.8% HL); no antorbital (vs. plate-like antorbital present dorsally to antorbital process of lateral ethmoid); deep coronoid process of the lower jaw (vs. coronoid process approximately one-third less deep); flattened bifurcated tooth cusps, with roundish margins (vs. bifurcated tooth cusps conical, pointed); vertebrae 35 (vs. 38 or 39); branchiostegal rays 6 (vs. 7); no pelvic splint (vs. present); pleural ribs 8 (vs. 10 or 11); few sparse dark spots on body (spots more numerous and more densely arranged); well-defined thin dark line along base of anal fin, formed by a regular row of slanted elongate spots on the distal portion of each pterygiophore (vs. no such line); no dark spots on the sides of head (vs. lateral surfaces of head with roundish spots); dark spots on body not extending onto base of caudal fin (vs. spots covering bases of principal caudal-fin rays). The deepest part of the body of T. claviger is at the middle of the abdomen, continuously less deep posteriorly to the base of the caudal fin, and the dorsal and ventral profiles of the head forming broad symmetrical arcs with the body profile, and these result in a rather different general aspect when compared to T. longipinnis, where the deepest part of the body is at the origin of the anal fin, and the body depth is approximately even along its entire length, only slightly decreasing towards the caudal fin. Also, the dorsal and ventral profiles of the head and body are not symmetrical, in T. claviger, it is gently convex and in T. longipinnis it is approximately straight (Ref. 85858).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

The specimens were collected in a shallow sector (ca. 30 cm) of the córrego Picada Comprida, on a plateau at ca. 1150 m altitude, water is darkly tea-stained and transparent, with slow current and negligible altitudinal gradient. The stream runs through an area of moderately impacted high-altitude rainforest mingled with sectors of exotic pine culture. The substrate is mostly exposed sand, with masses of accumulated leaf litter and other vegetable debris in many spots. Fish were concentrated on quiet shaded areas with litter, swimming in midwater, and were collected with hand seines. No associated fish species were found with this species. Gut contents revealed numerous disarticulated arthropod remains, indicating that the feeding habits of the species are broadly similar to those of T. longipinnis. The species were also observed swimming in two other nearby spots in tributaries to the córrego Picada Comprida, but were not seen in four additional collection points in the same stream system and their distribution seems to be patchy (Ref. 85858).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Pinna, Mário de | mitra

de Pinna, M.C.C., J.L. Helmer, H.A. Britski and L.R. Nunes, 2010. A new species of Trichogenes from the rio Itapemirim drainage, southeastern Brazil, with comments on the monophyly of the genus (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 8(4):707-717. (Ref. 85858)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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penggunaan manusia

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informasi lanjut

Daerah-daerah FAO
Bahan makanan
Konsumsi makanan
Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Spawning aggregation
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
ukuran frekuensi
Dinamika larva
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Frekuensi alel
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Tipe renang
Area insang
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genom, Nukleotida) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(pergi, Cari) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan ().
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .