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Haplochromis sphex ter, Huurne & Witte, 2010

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Haplochromis sphex
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Haplochromis: Greek, Haploos = single + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  sphex: From the Greek 'σϕήξ', wasp, referring to the colouration of males; like the wasp, males of this species are typically yellow with black stripes (Ref. 85523).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bentopelagisk; djupintervall ? - 10 m (Ref. 85523).   Tropical

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Victoria (Ref. 85523).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.2 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 85523)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Ryggkotor: 29 - 31. Diagnosis: Haplochromis sphex is a small sized (less than 9 cm standard length), slender (body depth less than 32% of standard length) micrognathic species, with mainly bicuspid teeth in the oral jaws; dorsal head profile straight to moderately curved (Ref. 85523). The colouration of the sexually active males is yellow with blackish longitudinal, interrupted bands and vertical bars, producing a so-called 'chess board pattern'; this pattern also occurs in several oral shelling molluscivores, insectivores and algae scrapers, but these species generally are larger, have a deeper body, have a strongly curved dorsal head profile and a lower jaw length/width ratio of less than 1.5, whereas in Haplochromis sphex it ranges from 1.5 to 2.7 (Ref. 85523). It differs from other small species with a 'chess board pattern', H. bwathondii and H. sauvagei, by its shallower body; sexually active males of H. sauvagei generally have a more distinct 'chess board pattern' than H. sphex; in contrast to H. sphex, sexually active males of both H. bwathondii and H. sauvagei develop a red chest and belly; the colouration of females and quiescent males of H. sauvagei is rather similar to that of sexually active males of H. sphex (Ref. 85523).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Found in waters up to a depth of 10 m both over sand and mud (Ref. 85523). It fed mainly on phytoplankton (Cyanophyta and Aulacoseira) and occasionally on copepods (Ref. 85523). This species is a female mouth brooder (Ref. 85523).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

This species is a female mouth brooder (Ref. 85523).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Medarbetare

de Zeeuw, M.P., M. Mietes, P. Niemantsverdriet, S. ter Huurne and F. Witte, 2010. Seven new species of detritivorous and phytoplanktivorous haplochromines from Lake Victoria. Zool. Meded. Leiden 84:201-250. (Ref. 85523)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Critically Endangered (CR) (C2a(ii)); Date assessed: 31 March 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
Föda
Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
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referenser
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
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Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, sök) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00677 - 0.03085), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .