Petrocephalus zakoni : fisheries

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Petrocephalus zakoni Lavoué, Sullivan & Arnegard, 2010

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drawing shows typical species in Mormyridae.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Petrocephalus: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335);  zakoni: This species is named in honor of Harold H. Zakon; in addition to his many contributions to neuroethology, which inspires a new area of research on genes that underlie electrolocation and electrical communication in gymnotiform and mormyroid fishes (Ref. 85331).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique. Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Congo River basin (Ref. 85331, 113655) in Central African Republic, Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.6 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 85331)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Diagnosis: Petrocephalus zakoni is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species in Central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: dorsal fin with 23 or 24 branched rays; anal fin with 27 or 28 branched rays; eye large, the ratio head length and eye-diameter between 3,1 and 3,3; mouth small, the ratio head length and mouth width between 4.4 and 5.0; 10 teeth of fewer in the upper jaw; and 22 teeth or fewer in the lower jaw (Ref. 85331). It has a unique pigmentation pattern consisting of three well defined black patches: (1) an intense dark mark on each side of the body close to the anterior base of the dorsal fin, often extending onto the first dorsal rays, forming a characteristic saddle across the dorsum; (2) a mark on each side of the body at the base of the pectoral fin; (3) a crescent-shaped mark on each side of the body centered at the base of the caudal fin, extending onto the upper and lower parts of the caudal fin (Ref. 85331).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Lavoué, S., J.P. Sullivan and M.E. Arnegard, 2010. African weakly electric fishes of the genus Petrocephalus (Osteoglossomorpha: Mormyridae) of Odzala National Park, Republic of the Congo (Lékoli River, Congo River basin) with description of five new species. Zootaxa 2600:1-52. (Ref. 85331)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Non évalué 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries:
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

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Écologie
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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00703 - 0.03571), b=2.86 (2.68 - 3.04), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).