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Brochiraja heuresa Last & Séret, 2012

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Brochiraja heuresa
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae (Skates)
Etymology: heuresa: "soon to be described" Enigma Skate (Brochiraja aenigma). The unique type specimen of B. aenigma Last & McEachran, 2006, which was collected some 22 years before from the Wanganella Bank, was in poor condition. Seven demersal trawl stations at depths of about 870–1350 m yielded several small skates that were initially thought to be additional specimens of the Enigma Skate. However, on closer inspection they turned out to be another undescribed species. The epithet is derived from the Greek heuresis (that which is found, discovered), based the Ancient Greek word Heureka (meaning "I have found it") or in modern English, simply "eureka"! Vernacular name: Eureka Skate (Ref. 89011).  More on authors: Last & Séret.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 深海底的; 深度上下限 870 - 1350 m (Ref. 89011).    ; 32°S - 36°S, 166°E - 170°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Tasman Sea: known from deep banks and ridges of the northern Tasman Sea, including the western Norfolk Ridge and the Wanganella Bank (ca 32°35’–35°08’ S, 166°56’–169°29’ E), at 870–1350 m depth (Ref. 89011).

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.5 cm WD 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 89011); 36.4 cm WD (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

A small species of Brochiraja distinguished by the following combination of characters: long tail, 1.2–1.3 times disc length, 2.4–2.5 times ventral head length, 4.9–6.0 times snout length; orbit moderately large, 2.7–3.4 in preorbital snout length; tail slender but with relatively broad conical base, evenly tapering to mid-length of tail, its width at pelvic-fin insertions 2.1–3.0 times width at midlength; anterior lobe of pelvic fin fleshy, spatulate; dorsal disc deceptively granular in appearance, covered with minute spiny denticles; mid-dorsal surface of tail with small thorns, surrounded by fine denticles; dorsolateral surface of tail lacking thorns; snout length 2.4–3.0 times distance from snout tip to weak rostral thorn; calcified rostral shaft short; single reduced preorbital thorn, posterior thorn weak or absent; ventral disc naked; anteroventral lateral margin of tail covered in fine denticles; alar thorns of mature males united to form a broad patch over most of outer anterior part of pectoral fin; no obvious malar thorn patch; lateral skin fold weak, somewhat expanded at level of dorsal fins, but width less than tail width, originating well behind middle of tail; dorsal surface pale bluish pink, ventral surface darker than dorsal surface, reddish brown; well-defined series of pale-edged pores on ventral surface, forming a whitish line adjacent anterior margin (disc distinctly darker lateral to this line); nuchal pore band not obvious; total pectoral radials 58–63; predorsal vertebrae 88–100; 30–42 tooth rows in upper jaw (Ref. 89011).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Last, P.R. and B. Séret, 2012. Two new softnose skates of the genus Brochiraja (Rajoidei: Arhynchobatidae) from the deepwater slopes and banks of the Norfolk Ridge (South-West Pacific). Zootaxa 3155:47-64. (Ref. 89011)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 22 June 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





人类利用

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00249 - 0.01009), b=3.12 (2.95 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 ().
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .