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Centroscymnus owstonii Garman, 1906

Roughskin dogfish
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Centroscymnus owstonii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Centroscymnus owstonii (Roughskin dogfish)
Centroscymnus owstonii
Male picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Somniosidae (Sleeper sharks)
Etymology: Centroscymnus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, skymnos, -ou = pup, puppy (Ref. 45335);  owstonii: Named for Alan Owston (1853-1915) a business- and yachtsman from England, who collected Asian wildlife, particularly in the early twentieth century (cited in Ref. 112350).  More on author: Garman.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 深海底的; 深度上下限 100 - 1500 m (Ref. 26346).   深水域; 35°N - 41°S, 82°W - 177°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. Western Indian Ocean: from off the Seychelles to the Madagascar Ridge and South Africa. Eastern Indian Ocean off Indonesia and southwestern Australia. Southwestern Pacific: off Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand. Northwestern Pacific: off Japan and from the Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain. Southeastern Pacific: west of Chile. Southwestern Atlantic: off French Guiana, Brazil, and Uruguay. Northwestern Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico. Eastern Atlantic: from off the Azores in the North to off South Africa in the south.
中西大西洋: 墨西哥灣北部。 西太平洋: 日本本州東南方; 澳洲 (包括西澳大利亞) 與紐西蘭。 東南太平洋: Amber 海底山脈,納斯卡與 Sala-y-Gomez。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 100 - 104 cm
Max length : 121 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 26346)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 0. Dark brown or black in color, dorsal fins with extreme tips of fin spines protruding from the fins, moderately long snout, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with short, oblique cusps, fairly stocky body that does not taper abruptly from pectoral region, large lateral trunk denticles with mostly smooth, circular, cuspidate and acuspidate crowns in adults and subadults (Ref. 247).
深褐色或黑色的, 背鳍具有从鳍, 中等长度的吻又矛尖形的上颚齿凸出的鳍棘的极端顶端与刀叶状的下颚齿有短的, 斜的尖头, 非常矮胖的身体哪一不会从胸的区域突然变细, 大的侧面躯干细齿具有大部份平滑,圆形的,和尖的与 acuspidate 冠当成鱼与亚成鱼时.(参考文献 247)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on upper continental slopes, on or near the bottom (Ref. 247). Feeds on fish and cephalopods (Ref. 6871). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205), with 16- 28 young born at 27-30 cm (Ref. 26346). Caught in trawls or longlines set at depths greater than 400 m (Ref. 55584). Flesh is high in mercury (Ref. 6871). Utilized as fishmeal and source of squalene (liver oil) (Ref. 6871). Maximum depth from Ref. 55584.

栖息于大陆坡上层了, 在底部上面或附近。 (参考文献 247) 捕食鱼类与头足类动物.(参考文献 6871) 卵胎生的 (参考文献 205), 具有 16- 在 27-30 公分被出生的 28个幼鱼.(参考文献 26346) 肉是高水银含量。 (参考文献 6871) 用来作鱼粉与鲨烯的原料 (肝油)了。 (参考文献 6871) 最大的深度从参考文献 55584.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Ovoviviparous (Ref. 6871). 16- 28 young born at 27-30 cm (Ref. 26346). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).中西大西洋: 墨西哥灣北部。 西太平洋: 日本本州東南方; 澳洲 (包括西澳大利亞) 與紐西蘭。 東南太平洋: Amber 海底山脈,納斯卡與 Sala-y-Gomez。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  次级保育类动物, 见 IUCN 红皮书 (VU) (A2d); Date assessed: 08 July 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒 (Ref. 6871)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.9 - 10.9, mean 6.4 (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00177 - 0.00857), b=3.17 (2.97 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Fec=16-28).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.