Chaetostoma trimaculineum

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Chaetostoma trimaculineum Lujan, Meza-Vargas, Astudillo-Clavijo, Barriga-Salazar & López-Fernández, 2015

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drawing shows typical species in Loricariidae.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Siluriformes (Catfishes) 鯰形目 (Catfishes) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) 甲鯰科 (Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Chaetostoma: Greek, chaite = hair + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335);  trimaculineum: Derivedfrom the Latin prefix tri, meaning three, and nouns macula, meaning spot, and linea, meaning line, in reference to the three distinctive rows of spots along the flanks of this species.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 居於水底的.   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

South America: upper Santiago and middle Marañon river drainages in eastern Ecuador and northern Peru.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 104727)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

Chaetostoma trimaculineum is distinguished from all other congeners from Amazon Basin except C. anale by having three to four linear rows of distinct, round, naris-sized black spots on the median, mid-dorsal, and dorsal plate series of the trunk (vs. absence of black spots, larger than orbit, or also present on mid-ventral plate series). It also differs from all other Amazon Basin species except C. anale, C. daidalmatos, C. dermorhynchum, middle Ucayali populations of C. lineopunctatum (including type locality), C. stroumpoulos, and C. vagum by having distinct round black spots half naris diameter spaced less than one spot width apart on head (vs. absence of spots on head or white); from C. anale, C. carrioni, C. lexa, C. marmorescens, C. stroumpoulos, and C. vagum by having four branched rays on anal fin (vs. anal fin absent or with most frequently three or less or five branched rays); from C. branickii/taczanowskii, C. carrioni, C. lexa, C. loborhynchos, C. marmorescens, and C. microps by having a supraoccipital excrescence (vs. absence of excrescence); from C. changae, C. jegui, C. lexa, C. marmorescens, and C. microps by having eight branched dorsal-fin rays (vs. most frequently nine or sometimes ten); from C. anale, C. carrioni, C. daidalmatos, C. lexa, and C. microps by having more teeth per premaxillary ramus (an average of 112632, vs. typically, 80); from C. anale, C. carrioni, C. lexa, C. marmorescens, and C. microps by having more teeth per mandible (an average of 156645, vs. typically, 111); from C. breve, C. lineopunctatum, and C. microps by having lesser head depth (23.060.3% SL, vs. 23.3); from C. loborhynchos and C. marmorescens by having lesser cleithral width (32.760.8% SL, vs. 33.5); and from C. branickii/taczanowskii and C. lexa by having four or five evertible cheek odontodes (vs. six or more). Chaetostoma trimaculineum mostly resembles C. anale but can be distinguished by the tooth and anal-fin branched ray counts, by the absence of spots from most or all of the compound pterotic (vs. spots covering the pterotic), by having generally straighter rows of spots along the body, and by lacking spots from the mid-ventral plate series (vs. spots often present on at least some mid-ventral plates) (Ref. 104727).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | 合作者

Lujan, N.K., V. Meza-Vargas, V. Astudillo-Clavijo, R. Barriga-Salazar and H. López-Fernández, 2015. A multilocus molecular phylogeny for Chaetostoma Clade genera and species with a review of Chaetostoma (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the Central Andes. Copeia 103(3):664-701. (Ref. 104727)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00706 - 0.03245), b=2.97 (2.79 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  .
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .