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Etmopterus lucifer Jordan & Snyder, 1902

Blackbelly lanternshark
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Etmopterus lucifer   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Etmopterus lucifer (Blackbelly lanternshark)
Etmopterus lucifer
Picture by Fischer, L.G.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae (Lantern sharks)
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Jordan & Snyder.

Issue
Research shows that this species is restricted to northwestern Pacific ; Austral-Indonesian records are considered to represent two or three undescribed species (see Ref. 87957); distribution will be resolved (linked to correct species) when publications are received.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 深度上下限 150 - 1250 m (Ref. 26346).   深水域; 40°N - 48°S

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Restricted to Northwestern Pacific. Austral-Indonesian records are considered to represent two or three undescribed species (Ref. 87957). Some records are probably based on Etmopterus molleri and Etmopterus brachyurus (Ref. 31367).
西南大西洋: 烏拉圭與阿根廷。 西印度洋: 坦尚尼亞到南非。 西太平洋: 日本到紐西蘭。 東南太平洋: Amber 海底山脈。 來自外海的凱爾蓋朗群島需要的一種小的標本被查證。 某些記錄可能根據 模拉里烏鯊〔Etmopterus molleri〕 短尾烏鯊〔Etmopterus brachyurus〕 。 (參考文獻 31367)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 34 - ? cm
Max length : 47.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 6871)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 2; 背的软条 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 0. Dark grey (Ref. 6577) or brown dorsally, black ventrally, with a distinct black streak above and behind pelvic fins; fins lighter; belly luminous (Ref. 26346). Small and slender with a moderately elongate caudal peduncle and with flank denticles mostly arranged in regular rows. The base of the pelvic flank marking is under the second dorsal-fin spine, the anterior branch is usually longer than the posterior branch, and the caudal marking is considerably longer than the precaudal marking (Ref. 6871).
深灰色的 (参考文献 6577) 或褐色背面, 黑色的腹地, 在腹鳍上面与后面具有一个明显的黑色条纹; 鳍会发光; 腹部发光.(参考文献 26346) 小而细长的具有一个中等细长的尾柄而且与侧面细齿大部份排列成整齐的列。 腹鳍基底侧面的斑纹在第二个背鳍棘下面, 前面的分支通常是长度超过后面的分支,而且尾部斑纹是长很多尾前椎的斑纹。 (参考文献 6871)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on the outer continental and insular shelves and upper slopes (Ref. 247). Its luminescent belly may attract prey (Ref. 26346), which consists mainly of squid (reported to bite squid bigger than itself), small bony fishes, and shrimps (Ref. 247). Often caught in large schools which may suggest that the luminescence may also be used to keep the group together in the dark deep ocean (Ref. 26346). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205), size at birth about 15 cm (Ref. 6871).

栖息于大陆棚和岛屿棚外缘与上层斜坡了。 (参考文献 247) 它的发光腹面可能吸引猎物 (参考文献 26346), 主要地乌贼 (报告咬比它本身大的乌贼) ,小的硬骨鱼类与虾组成.(参考文献 247) 时常捕捞到大鱼群那可能显示出发光器也可能被用来在黑暗的深海中维持群体聚集.(参考文献 26346) 卵胎生的 (参考文献 205), 大小出生时大约 15 公分.(参考文献 6871)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Presumably ovoviviparous (Ref. 6871). Size at birth about 15 cm (Ref. 6871). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).西南大西洋: 烏拉圭與阿根廷。 西印度洋: 坦尚尼亞到南非。 西太平洋: 日本到紐西蘭。 東南太平洋: Amber 海底山脈。 來自外海的凱爾蓋朗群島需要的一種小的標本被查證。 某些記錄可能根據 模拉里烏鯊〔Etmopterus molleri〕 短尾烏鯊〔Etmopterus brachyurus〕 。 (參考文獻 31367)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 July 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣
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孕卵数

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.7 - 14.6, mean 9.6 (based on 350 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00179 - 0.00808), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Fec assumed to be <10).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .