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Petrocephalus leo Lavoué, 2016

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Petrocephalus leo
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Petrocephalus: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335);  leo: This species is named after the author's son Léo (Ref. 113655).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater benthopelagisch.   Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Africa: lower Kotto River (Ubangui River tributary, middle Congo River basin) in Central African Republic (Ref. 113655).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.9 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 113655)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 21-24; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 26 - 28. Diagnosis: Petrocephalus leo is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species of central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: absence of electroreceptive rosettes on head, body colouration brownish with distinct black mark at the base of pectoral fin, but no subdorsal ovoid black mark; 21 to 24 branched dorsal-fin rays and 26 to 29 branched anal-fin rays (Ref. 113655). Absence of the three typical Petrocephalus electroreceptive rosettes on the head distinguish Petrocephalus leo from most of its congeners, except P. microphthalmus, P. haullevillii, P. schoutedeni and P. zakoni; but it can be easily distinguished from these species by its unique pattern of melanin markings: a distinct black spot at the origin of the pectoral fins but no subdorsal pigmentation mark (Ref. 113655). Petrocephalus leo can be further distinguished from P. zakoni by its slender body, body depth 2.9-3.4 times in standard length vs. 2.5-2.7 times in P. zakoni; its relatively shorter dorsal fin, dorsal fin length 4.4-5.0 times in standard length vs. 4.0-4.3 times; and its smaller eye, eye diameter 3.7-4.4 times in head length vs. 3.1-3.3 times (Ref. 113655). It can be further distinguished from P. microphthalmus, P. haullevillii and P. schoutedeni, by a higher dorsal-fin ray count, 21-24 vs. less than 20 in the other species (Ref. 113655).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Lavoué, S., 2016. Petrocephalus leo, a new species of African electric fish (Osteoglossomorpha: Mormyridae) from the Oubangui River basin (Congo basin). Zootaxa 4121(3):319-330. (Ref. 113655)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .