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Rhynchobatus cooki Last, Kyne & Compagno, 2016

Clown wedgefish
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Rhynchobatus cooki
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinidae (Wedgefishes)
Etymology: Rhynchobatus: Greek, rhingchos = snout + Greek, batis, -idos = a sting ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 深度上下限 ? - 70 m (Ref. 114953).   

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Singapore and Indonesia.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 81.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 109575)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

This species is the smallest of the wedgefishes (to 81 cm TL), it has also the lowest vertebral count (less than 107 centra). It is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: a long, hastate snout; very strongly undulate anterior pectoral-fin margin; dorsal mainly dark and distinctively marked with white blotches; spots and streaks, with a dark cruciate marking on the interorbit; a prominent white border around the body margin; snout tip lacks dark blotches; absence of the black pectoral-fin marking; it is similar with the much larger Atlantic species (Rhynchobatus luebberti) with well-developed rostral spines, but these spines are confined to the snout tip (vs. being more numerous and extending in paired rows along the rostral ridges nearly to the eyes) (Ref. 109575).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A poorly known benthic species with restricted distribution, probably coastal. Males mature at ca. 71 cm TL, born at ca. 14 cm TL. Embryos with yolk sacs at 20.9-23.6 TL; juvenile male at 39.5 cm TL, adolescent at 64.2 cm TL and adult at size greater than 70.5 cm TL; immature females at 41.5 and 60.9 cm TL (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Last, P.R., P.M. Kyne and L.J.V. Compagno, 2016. A new species of wedgefish Rhynchobatus cooki (Rhinopristoformes, Rhinidae) from the Indo-West Pacific. Zootaxa 4139(2):233-247. (Ref. 109575)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  次级保育类动物, 见 IUCN 红皮书 (VU) (A2ad+3d+4ad); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5049   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00146 - 0.01036), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  .
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .