Chimaera carophila, Brown chimaera

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Chimaera carophila Kemper, Ebert, Naylor & Didier, 2014

Brown chimaera
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Chimaera carophila   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chimaera carophila (Brown chimaera)
Chimaera carophila
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Holocephali (quimeras) (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae (Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Chimaera: Latin, chimaera = marine monster, 1634 (Ref. 45335);  carophila: Named for Carol and Phil Kemper, supporters of chimaeroid research.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas demersal; intervalo de profundidade 846 - 1350 m (Ref. 107024), usually ? - 1000 m (Ref. 107024).   Deep-water; 32°S - 49°S, 166°E - 171°W (Ref. 107024)

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: deep water slopes and plateaus surrounding New Zealand (Challenger Plateau, Chatham Slope and Rise, Hikurangi Trench, Campbell Plateau, Bounty Plateau).

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 104 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 107024); 97.5 cm TL (female)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

This species is distinguished by the following characters: a short, blunt snout and an anal fin separate from the ventral caudal margin by a notch; medium-bodied with a gently rounded snout; large eye; oral and preopercular lateral line canals usually share a short common branch off of the infraorbital canal; relatively short first dorsal fin and spine; second dorsal fin even along height, long caudal dorsal and ventral margins, short, trifurcate pelvic claspers, divided distally for approximately one-third of their length; body colour uniform pale-brown, mouth and ventral snout darker with brownish-purple fins and highly deciduous skin. Distinguished from its closest congeners, Chimaera fulva, C. macrospina, and C. obscura, by a combination of morphological characters (longer caudal dorsal margin, shorter pelvic claspers, shorter dorsal fin spine, shorter first dorsal fin, and longer caudal ventral margin) and coloration (Ref. 107024).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

The depth range of occurrence of this species seems to follow the 1000 m depth contour around New Zealand, but may be an artifact of sampling. Size range for juvenile females 27.7-75.9 cm TL (18.2-37.6 body length) and males 41.0-83.5 cm TL (16.7-52.2 cm BDL); for adult females 85.5-103.5 cm TL (51.9-59.9 cm BDL) and males 74.0-97.5 cm TL (48.7-57.0 cm BDL) (Ref. 107024).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Kemper, J.M., D.A. Ebert, G.J.P. Naylor and D.A. Didier, 2015. Chimaera carophila (Chondrichthyes: Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae), a new species of chimaera from New Zealand. Bull Mar Sci. 91(1):63-81. (Ref. 107024)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 June 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Fontes da internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Consultar FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genoma, nucleotídeo) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia(ir para, procurar) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Registo zoológico

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Baixo, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 4,5 - 14 anos (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (57 of 100) .