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Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950)

Bignose shark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Carcharhinus altimus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Carcharhinus altimus (Bignose shark)
Carcharhinus altimus
Female picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks)
Etymology: Carcharhinus: Greek, karcharos = sharpen + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 12 - 810 m (Ref. 58302), usually 80 - 220 m (Ref. 9253).   Subtropical; 40°N - 31°S, 180°W - 180°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Circumglobal, with patchy records in tropical and warm seas (Ref. 9997). Western Atlantic: Florida, USA to Venezuela. Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Ghana, including the Mediterranean. Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Mozambique (Ref. 6871), South Africa, Madagascar, and India. Western Pacific: China, Taiwan, and Australia (Ref. 9997). Central Pacific: Hawaii. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California and southern Mexico, Colombia, and Ecuador.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 226.0, range 205 - 282 cm
Max length : 300 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 2334); common length : 250 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 26999); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 167.8 kg (Ref. 40637)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 0. A heavily-bodied, cylindrical shark with a large, long and broad snout, long nasal flaps and high, triangular, saw-edged upper teeth; interdorsal ridge high and prominent; pectoral and dorsal fins large and straight (Ref. 5578). Grayish with no conspicuous markings, white below (Ref. 5578); inner corners of pectoral fins blackish (Ref. 9997).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found near the edge of the continental and insular shelves and uppermost slopes (Ref. 244). Rare in shallow waters (Ref. 9997), bottom associated near shelf breaks and drop-offs; young may occur at 25 m (Ref. 58302). Feeds on bony fishes, other sharks, stingrays, and cuttlefish (Ref. 244). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Utilized for fishmeal, liver oil, and shagreen (Ref. 9997). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 244.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449). Gives birth every second year with 1-13 (average 9) pups per litter (Ref. 58048). In the Mediterranean, sharks give birth in August and September, however in Madagascar, young are born in September and October (Ref. 244). Size at birth 60-75 cm (Ref. 6871); 70-90 cm TL (Ref.58048). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Medewerkers

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 December 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless (Ref. 5485)





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Meer informatie

Populaire namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predators
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Geslachtsrijpheid
Kuitschieten
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Leeftijd/Grootte
Groei
Lengte-gewicht parameters
Lengte-lengte parameters
Lengtefrequenties
Morfometrie
Morfologie
Larven
Populatiedynamica van de larven
recrutering
Abundantie
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.8 - 26.5, mean 19.9 (based on 875 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00182 - 0.00604), b=3.12 (2.97 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (Fec=1-13;).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (76 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.