Decapterus macarellus, Mackerel scad : fisheries, gamefish, bait
This page is sponsored by
FishBase Consortium Member

Decapterus macarellus (Cuvier, 1833)

Mackerel scad
إضافة ملاحظاتك Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Decapterus macarellus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
ارفع صور و مقاطع فيديو
Pictures | Videos | صور قوقل

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, الانواع) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangiformes (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Decapterus: Greek, deka = ten + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; بحري; نطاق العمق 0 - 400 m (Ref. 58302), usually 40 - 200 m (Ref. 3197).   Subtropical; 54°N - 46°S, 180°W - 180°E

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

Circumglobal. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada and Bermuda to approximately Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Ref. 57756). Appears to be absent from the Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 9626). Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena, Ascension, Cape Verde, and Gulf of Guinea (Ref. 7097); Azores and Madeira (Ref. 4233). Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Seychelles, Mascarenes, South Africa, and Sri Lanka (Ref. 3287). Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California and Revillagigedo Island to Ecuador (Ref. 9283).

الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 55763); common length : 30.0 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 55763)

وصف مختصر الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

الأشواك الظهرية (المجموع): 9; الأشعة الظهرية الناعمة (المجموع): 31-37; شوكة شرجية 3; أشعه شرجية لينه: 27 - 31; فقرات: 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: oral valve (membrane) at symphysis of upper jaw conspicuously white in adults; posterior end of upper jaw straight above, moderately rounded and noticeably slanted anteroventrally; both jaws without teeth; shoulder girdle (cleithrum) margin with 2 small papillae, the lower papilla larger; terminal dorsal- and anal-fin rays each consisting of a widely detached finlet; pectoral fins short (58 to 72% of head length), tip of appressed fins falling considerably short of a vertical line from second dorsal-fin origin; lateral line scales, curved 58-75 and without scutes, straight 18-39 with 24-40 scutes, the total scales and scutes in lateral line (excluding scales on caudal fin) 110 to 138; interorbital scales usually extending to above front margin of the pupil. Colour in life bluish green and slivery below; small black blotch on margin of opercle near upper edge; caudal fin yellow-green and dorsal fin lobe sometimes dark distally; anal and pelvic fins pale to whitish (Ref. 9894, 11228).

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Adults prefer clear oceanic waters, frequently around islands (Ref. 5217). Sometimes they are found near the surface, but generally caught between 40 and 200 m depth (Ref. 9283). Pelagic (Ref. 58302). Usually seen as fast moving schools along the reef edges near deep water (Ref. 48635, 26235). They feed mainly on zooplankton (Ref. 9283). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233). Caught with purse seines and trawls (Ref. 9894). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283).

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | المتعاونين

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1995. Carangidae. Jureles, pámpanos, cojinúas, zapateros, cocineros, casabes, macarelas, chicharros, jorobados, medregales, pez pilota. p. 940-986. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9283)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 August 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 26235)





استخدامات بشرية

مصائد: تجاري; لعبة سمكه: نعم; طعم: usually
FAO - Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | البحر حولنا

مزيد من المعلومات

الأسماء الشائعة
مرادفات
الأيض
مفتريسات
علم السميات البيئية
التكاثر
النضج
وضع البيض
تجمعات وضع البيض
الخصوبة
بيض
تطور البيضة
مراجع
الأستزراع المائي
ملف الأستزراع المائي
سلالات
جيني
تواتر الأليل
التوريث
الأمراض
معالجة
Nutrients
Mass conversion
المتعاونين
صور
Stamps, Coins Misc.
اصوات
التسمم باكل السمك
سرعة
نوع السباحة
منطقة الخياشيم
عظمة الأذن
دماغ
رؤية

أدوات

تقارير خاصة

Download XML

مصادر علي الأنترنت

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13 - 27.9, mean 21.9 °C (based on 2100 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00829 - 0.02196), b=2.99 (2.85 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
المرونه (Ref. 120179):  عالي, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع أقل من 15 شهر (K=0.8).
Prior r = 1.08, 95% CL = 0.71 - 1.62, Based on 3 stock assessments.
عرضة للخطر (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
فئة السعر (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 576 [160, 2,204] mg/100g ; Iron = 7.29 [2.43, 19.24] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.6 [20.0, 23.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.705 [0.315, 1.624] g/100g ; Selenium = 58.6 [16.5, 222.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 2.37 [0.40, 13.77] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.941 [0.470, 2.005] mg/100g (wet weight);