Decapterus macarellus, Mackerel scad : fisheries, gamefish, bait
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Decapterus macarellus (Cuvier, 1833)

Mackerel scad
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Decapterus macarellus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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> Carangiformes (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Decapterus: Greek, deka = ten + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海; 深さの範囲 0 - 400 m (Ref. 58302), usually 40 - 200 m (Ref. 3197).   Subtropical; 54°N - 46°S, 180°W - 180°E

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Circumglobal. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada and Bermuda to approximately Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Ref. 57756). Appears to be absent from the Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 9626). Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena, Ascension, Cape Verde, and Gulf of Guinea (Ref. 7097); Azores and Madeira (Ref. 4233). Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Seychelles, Mascarenes, South Africa, and Sri Lanka (Ref. 3287). Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California and Revillagigedo Island to Ecuador (Ref. 9283).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 55763); common length : 30.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 55763)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 9; 背鰭 (合計): 31-37; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 27 - 31; 脊つい: 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: oral valve (membrane) at symphysis of upper jaw conspicuously white in adults; posterior end of upper jaw straight above, moderately rounded and noticeably slanted anteroventrally; both jaws without teeth; shoulder girdle (cleithrum) margin with 2 small papillae, the lower papilla larger; terminal dorsal- and anal-fin rays each consisting of a widely detached finlet; pectoral fins short (58 to 72% of head length), tip of appressed fins falling considerably short of a vertical line from second dorsal-fin origin; lateral line scales, curved 58-75 and without scutes, straight 18-39 with 24-40 scutes, the total scales and scutes in lateral line (excluding scales on caudal fin) 110 to 138; interorbital scales usually extending to above front margin of the pupil. Colour in life bluish green and slivery below; small black blotch on margin of opercle near upper edge; caudal fin yellow-green and dorsal fin lobe sometimes dark distally; anal and pelvic fins pale to whitish (Ref. 9894, 11228).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Adults prefer clear oceanic waters, frequently around islands (Ref. 5217). Sometimes they are found near the surface, but generally caught between 40 and 200 m depth (Ref. 9283). Pelagic (Ref. 58302). Usually seen as fast moving schools along the reef edges near deep water (Ref. 48635, 26235). They feed mainly on zooplankton (Ref. 9283). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233). Caught with purse seines and trawls (Ref. 9894). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 協力者

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1995. Carangidae. Jureles, pámpanos, cojinúas, zapateros, cocineros, casabes, macarelas, chicharros, jorobados, medregales, pez pilota. p. 940-986. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9283)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 August 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 26235)





Human uses

水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 餌: usually
FAO - Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

より多くの情報

共通名の
類義語
代謝
捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
卵の集合体
生産力

卵の開発
参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
対立遺伝子頻度
遺伝
病気
行列
Nutrients
Mass conversion
協力者
画像
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13 - 27.9, mean 21.9 °C (based on 2100 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00829 - 0.02196), b=2.99 (2.85 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高い, 15か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.8).
Prior r = 1.08, 95% CL = 0.71 - 1.62, Based on 3 stock assessments.
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 576 [160, 2,204] mg/100g ; Iron = 7.29 [2.43, 19.24] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.6 [20.0, 23.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.705 [0.315, 1.624] g/100g ; Selenium = 58.6 [16.5, 222.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 2.37 [0.40, 13.77] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.941 [0.470, 2.005] mg/100g (wet weight);