Biodiversity Bolivia (BOL)
 
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine No
Freshwater 407 52 No
Total 410 53 No
Conservation List of freshwater species completed using CLOFFSCA work. The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate Bolivia is a landlocked country, located in Central South America, southwest of Brazil. Climate varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid. Terrain consists of rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills and lowland plains of the Amazon Basin. The elevation extreme has lowest point in Rio Paraguay 90 m and highest point in Cerro Illimani 6,882 m. Natural resources are tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber. Land use: arable land: 2%, permanent crops: 0%, permanent pastures: 24%, forests and woodland: 53%, other: 21% (1993 est.). Natural hazards are cold, thin air of high plateau is obstacle to efficient fuel combustion, as well as to physical activity by those unaccustomed to it from birth; flooding in the northeast (March-April). Environment—current issues: the clearing of land for agricultural purposes and the international demand for tropical timber are contributing to deforestation; soil erosion from overgrazing and poor cultivation methods (including slash-and-burn agriculture); desertification; loss of biodiversity; industrial pollution of water supplies used for drinking and irrigation Geography—note: landlocked; shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake (elevation 3,805 m), with Peru.

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
Hydrography
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