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Fish Identification: Find Species

Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae Pipefishes and seahorses
Subfamily: Hippocampinae
Genus: Hippocampus

(See list of species below)



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57 species in
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Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 35 cm OT
Hippocampus abdominalis Lesson, 1827

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus abdominalis
[Big-belly seahorse]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 13.6 cm OT
Hippocampus alatus Kuiter, 2001

Photo by Photo by Zuberbuhler, T.
 
Hippocampus alatus
[Winged seahorse]



Eastern Central Atlantic
Max. Length 19.2 cm OT
Hippocampus algiricus Kaup, 1856

Photo by Photo by Wirtz, P.
 
Hippocampus algiricus
[West African seahorse]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 22 cm TL
Hippocampus angustus Günther, 1870

Photo by Photo by Kuiter, R.H.
 
Hippocampus angustus
[Western spiny seahorse]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 15 cm OT
Hippocampus barbouri Jordan & Richardson, 1908

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Hippocampus barbouri
[Barbour's seahorse]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 2.4 cm OT
Hippocampus bargibanti Whitley, 1970

Photo by Photo by Brett, O.J. / www.tropicalfavourites.com
 
Hippocampus bargibanti
[Pygmy seahorse]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 10.8 cm OT
Hippocampus biocellatus Kuiter, 2001

Photo by Photo by Kuiter, R.H.
 
Hippocampus biocellatus
[False-eyed seahorse]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 14 cm OT
Hippocampus borboniensis Duméril, 1870

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus borboniensis
[Réunion seahorse]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 15 cm TL
Hippocampus breviceps Peters, 1869

Photo by Photo by Good, P.
 
Hippocampus breviceps
[Shorthead seahorse]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Hippocampus camelopardalis Bianconi, 1854

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus camelopardalis
[Giraffe seahorse]



Southeast Atlantic
Max. Length 12.1 cm OT
Hippocampus capensis Boulenger, 1900

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus capensis
[Knysna seahorse]
No picture found

Max. Length 13.3 cm SL

 
Hippocampus casscsio
[Beibu Bay seahorse]



Pasific Ocean
Max. Length 2.7 cm SL
Hippocampus colemani Kuiter, 2003

Photo by Photo by Steene, R.
 
Hippocampus colemani
[Coleman's pygmy seahorse]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 18.7 cm OT
Hippocampus comes Cantor, 1849

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus comes
[Tiger tail seahorse]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 13.3 cm SL
Hippocampus coronatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1850

Photo by Photo by Suzuki, T.
 
Hippocampus coronatus
[Crowned seahorse]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 9.8 cm SL
Hippocampus curvicuspis Fricke, 2004

Photo by Photo by Bajol, R.
 
Hippocampus curvicuspis
[New Caledonian thorny seahorse]



Red Sea
Max. Length 2.4 cm SL
Hippocampus debelius Gomon & Kuiter, 2009

Photo by Photo by van Beeck, D.
 
Hippocampus debelius
[Softcoral seahorse]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 2.4 cm SL
Hippocampus denise Lourie & Randall, 2003

Photo by Photo by Brett, O.J. / www.tropicalfavourites.com
 
Hippocampus denise
[Denise's pygmy seahorse]



Western Atlantic
Max. Length 19 cm OT
Hippocampus erectus Perry, 1810

Photo by Photo by Figueiredo, J.L./Menezes, N.A.
 
Hippocampus erectus
[Lined seahorse]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 8 cm OT
Hippocampus fisheri Jordan & Evermann, 1903

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus fisheri
[Fisher's seahorse]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 14.4 cm OT
Hippocampus fuscus Rüppell, 1838

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus fuscus
[Sea pony]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 10.5 cm OT
Hippocampus grandiceps Kuiter, 2001

Photo by Photo by Kuiter, R.H.
 
Hippocampus grandiceps
[Big-head seahorse]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 21.5 cm SL
Hippocampus guttulatus Cuvier, 1829

Photo by Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Hippocampus guttulatus
[Long-snouted seahorse]
No picture found

Max. Length 11.4 cm SL

 
Hippocampus haema
[Korean seahorse]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 10.4 cm OT
Hippocampus hendriki Kuiter, 2001

Photo by Photo by Kuiter, R.H.
 
Hippocampus hendriki
[Eastern spiny seahorse]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 15 cm TL
Hippocampus hippocampus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Photo by Neto, G.
 
Hippocampus hippocampus
[Short snouted seahorse]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 17 cm TL
Hippocampus histrix Kaup, 1856

Photo by Photo by Bednarzik, J.
 
Hippocampus histrix
[Thorny seahorse]



Eastern Pacific
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Hippocampus ingens Girard, 1858

Photo by Photo by Lavan, J.
 
Hippocampus ingens
[Pacific seahorse]
No picture found

Max. Length 1.6 cm SL

 
Hippocampus japapigu
[Japanese pygmy seahorse]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 14 cm OT
Hippocampus jayakari Boulenger, 1900

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Hippocampus jayakari
[Jayakar's seahorse]



Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 4.4 cm OT
Hippocampus jugumus Kuiter, 2001

Photo by Photo by Kuiter, R.H.
 
Hippocampus jugumus
[Collared seahorse]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 28 cm OT
Hippocampus kelloggi Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Photo by Photo by Ryanskiy, A.
 
Hippocampus kelloggi
[Great seahorse]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Hippocampus kuda Bleeker, 1852

Photo by Photo by Greenfield, J.
 
Hippocampus kuda
[Spotted seahorse]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 4 cm OT
Hippocampus lichtensteinii Kaup, 1856

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus lichtensteinii
[Lichtenstein's Seahorse]



Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 5 cm OT
Hippocampus minotaur Gomon, 1997

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus minotaur
[Bullneck seahorse]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 8 cm OT
Hippocampus mohnikei Bleeker, 1853

Photo by Photo by Marine Conservation Cambodia (MCC)
 
Hippocampus mohnikei
[Japanese seahorse]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 7.8 cm OT
Hippocampus montebelloensis Kuiter, 2001

Photo by Photo by Kuiter, R.H.
 
Hippocampus montebelloensis
[Monte Bello seahorse]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 14 cm OT
Hippocampus multispinus Kuiter, 2001

Photo by Photo by Kuiter, R.H.
 
Hippocampus multispinus
[Northern spiny seahorse]
No picture found

Max. Length 6.5 cm SL

 
Hippocampus paradoxus
[Paradoxical seahorse]



Southwest Atlantic

Hippocampus patagonicus Piacentino & Luzzatto, 2004

Photo by Photo by Díaz de Astarloa, J.M.
 
Hippocampus patagonicus
[]



South East Asia
Max. Length 1.7 cm SL
Hippocampus pontohi Lourie & Kuiter, 2008

Photo by Photo by Winkel, D.
 
Hippocampus pontohi
[Pontoh's pygmy seahorse]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 11 cm OT
Hippocampus procerus Kuiter, 2001

Photo by Photo by Banks, I.
 
Hippocampus procerus
[High-crown seahorse]



Western Pacific

Hippocampus pusillus Fricke, 2004

Photo by Photo by Fricke, R.
 
Hippocampus pusillus
[Pygmy thorny seahorse]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 11.6 cm OT
Hippocampus queenslandicus Horne, 2001

Photo by Photo by Kuiter, R.H.
 
Hippocampus queenslandicus
[Queensland seahorse]



Western Atlantic
Max. Length 17.5 cm OT
Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus reidi
[Longsnout seahorse]



South East Asia
Max. Length 1.4 cm SL
Hippocampus satomiae Lourie & Kuiter, 2008

Photo by Photo by Henke, M.
 
Hippocampus satomiae
[Satomi's pygmy seahorse]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm OT
Hippocampus semispinosus Kuiter, 2001

Photo by Photo by Kuiter, R.H.
 
Hippocampus semispinosus
[Half-spined seahorse]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 10.8 cm SL
Hippocampus sindonis Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus sindonis
[Shiho's seahorse]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 17.2 cm OT
Hippocampus spinosissimus Weber, 1913

Photo by Photo by Marine Conservation Cambodia (MCC)
 
Hippocampus spinosissimus
[Hedgehog seahorse]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 20 cm OT
Hippocampus subelongatus Castelnau, 1873

Photo by Photo by Maddern, M.
 
Hippocampus subelongatus
[West Australian seahorse]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 27.5 cm TL
Hippocampus suezensis Duncker, 1940

Photo by Photo by Ryanskiy, A.
 
Hippocampus suezensis
[Egyptian seahorse]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 22 cm TL
Hippocampus trimaculatus Leach, 1814

Photo by Photo by Marine Conservation Cambodia (MCC)
 
Hippocampus trimaculatus
[Longnose seahorse]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 6.1 cm TL
Hippocampus tyro Randall & Lourie, 2009

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Hippocampus tyro
[]



Asia
Max. Length 1.8 cm SL
Hippocampus waleananus Gomon & Kuiter, 2009

Photo by Photo by Ryanskiy, A.
 
Hippocampus waleananus
[Walea pygmy seahorse]



Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 13 cm OT
Hippocampus whitei Bleeker, 1855

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus whitei
[White's seahorse]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 8 cm OT
Hippocampus zebra Whitley, 1964

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus zebra
[Zebra seahorse]



Western Atlantic
Max. Length 5 cm TL
Hippocampus zosterae Jordan & Gilbert, 1882

Photo by Photo by Lourie, S.A.
 
Hippocampus zosterae
[Dwarf seahorse]



57 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Hippocampus abdominalis Big-belly seahorse Southwest Pacific 35 OT 1827
Hippocampus alatus Winged seahorse Indo-West Pacific 13.6 OT 2001
Hippocampus algiricus West African seahorse Eastern Central Atlantic 19.2 OT 1856
Hippocampus angustus Western spiny seahorse Eastern Indian Ocean 22 TL 1870
Hippocampus barbouri Barbour's seahorse Western Central Pacific 15 OT 1908
Hippocampus bargibanti Pygmy seahorse Indo-West Pacific 2.4 OT 1970
Hippocampus biocellatus False-eyed seahorse Eastern Indian Ocean 10.8 OT 2001
Hippocampus borboniensis Réunion seahorse Western Indian Ocean 14 OT 1870
Hippocampus breviceps Shorthead seahorse Indo-Pacific 15 TL 1869
Hippocampus camelopardalis Giraffe seahorse Western Indian Ocean 10 TL 1854
Hippocampus capensis Knysna seahorse Southeast Atlantic 12.1 OT 1900
Hippocampus casscsio Beibu Bay seahorse Northwest Pacific 13.3 SL 2016
Hippocampus colemani Coleman's pygmy seahorse Pasific Ocean 2.7 SL 2003
Hippocampus comes Tiger tail seahorse Western Central Pacific 18.7 OT 1849
Hippocampus coronatus Crowned seahorse Northwest Pacific 13.3 SL 1850
Hippocampus curvicuspis New Caledonian thorny seahorse Western Pacific 9.8 SL 2004
Hippocampus debelius Softcoral seahorse Red Sea 2.4 SL 2009
Hippocampus denise Denise's pygmy seahorse Western Pacific 2.4 SL 2003
Hippocampus erectus Lined seahorse Western Atlantic 19 OT 1810
Hippocampus fisheri Fisher's seahorse Western Pacific 8 OT 1903
Hippocampus fuscus Sea pony Indian Ocean 14.4 OT 1838
Hippocampus grandiceps Big-head seahorse Western Central Pacific 10.5 OT 2001
Hippocampus guttulatus Long-snouted seahorse Eastern Atlantic 21.5 SL 1829
Hippocampus haema Korean seahorse Northwestern Pacific 11.4 SL 2017
Hippocampus hendriki Eastern spiny seahorse Western Central Pacific 10.4 OT 2001
Hippocampus hippocampus Short snouted seahorse Eastern Atlantic 15 TL 1758
Hippocampus histrix Thorny seahorse Indo-Pacific 17 TL 1856
Hippocampus ingens Pacific seahorse Eastern Pacific 30 TL 1858
Hippocampus japapigu Japanese pygmy seahorse Northwestern Pacific 1.6 SL 2018
Hippocampus jayakari Jayakar's seahorse Western Indian Ocean 14 OT 1900
Hippocampus jugumus Collared seahorse Southwest Pacific 4.4 OT 2001
Hippocampus kelloggi Great seahorse Indo-West Pacific 28 OT 1901
Hippocampus kuda Spotted seahorse Indo-Pacific 30 TL 1852
Hippocampus lichtensteinii Lichtenstein's Seahorse Western Indian Ocean 4 OT 1856
Hippocampus minotaur Bullneck seahorse Southwest Pacific 5 OT 1997
Hippocampus mohnikei Japanese seahorse Western Pacific 8 OT 1853
Hippocampus montebelloensis Monte Bello seahorse Eastern Indian Ocean 7.8 OT 2001
Hippocampus multispinus Northern spiny seahorse Western Central Pacific 14 OT 2001
Hippocampus paradoxus Paradoxical seahorse Eastern Indian Ocean 6.5 SL 2010
Hippocampus patagonicus Southwest Atlantic 2004
Hippocampus pontohi Pontoh's pygmy seahorse South East Asia 1.7 SL 2008
Hippocampus procerus High-crown seahorse Western Central Pacific 11 OT 2001
Hippocampus pusillus Pygmy thorny seahorse Western Pacific 2004
Hippocampus queenslandicus Queensland seahorse Western Central Pacific 11.6 OT 2001
Hippocampus reidi Longsnout seahorse Western Atlantic 17.5 OT 1933
Hippocampus satomiae Satomi's pygmy seahorse South East Asia 1.4 SL 2008
Hippocampus semispinosus Half-spined seahorse Western Central Pacific 18 OT 2001
Hippocampus sindonis Shiho's seahorse Northwest Pacific 10.8 SL 1901
Hippocampus spinosissimus Hedgehog seahorse Indo-Pacific 17.2 OT 1913
Hippocampus subelongatus West Australian seahorse Eastern Indian Ocean 20 OT 1873
Hippocampus suezensis Egyptian seahorse Western Indian Ocean 27.5 TL 1940
Hippocampus trimaculatus Longnose seahorse Indo-Pacific 22 TL 1814
Hippocampus tyro Western Indian Ocean 6.1 TL 2009
Hippocampus waleananus Walea pygmy seahorse Asia 1.8 SL 2009
Hippocampus whitei White's seahorse Southwest Pacific 13 OT 1855
Hippocampus zebra Zebra seahorse Western Central Pacific 8 OT 1964
Hippocampus zosterae Dwarf seahorse Western Atlantic 5 TL 1882



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013