Other identification tools | FishBase

Fish Identification: Find Species


Family: Platycephalidae Flatheads



(See list of species below)



Select Class:     Select Order:   
Select Family: Subfamily:     Select Genus:

Select Ocean (marine/brackish) or Continent (freshwater):
Select a country:
Only include species occuring above: m

Total number of spines in dorsal and anal fins (optional).      Enter total length (TL) and maximum body depth (BD)

Show family drawings / Hide family drawings



80 species in
(see list below)
Export file

1 of 1 Jump to:



Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 12.1 cm SL
Ambiserrula jugosa (McCulloch, 1914)

Photo by Photo by Graham, K.
 
Ambiserrula jugosa
[Mud flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 50 cm TL
Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cociella crocodilus
[Crocodile flathead]



Western Indian Ocean

Cociella heemstrai Knapp, 1996

Photo by Photo by MNHN
 
Cociella heemstrai
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 30 cm TL

 
Cociella hutchinsi
[Brownmargin flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 35 cm TL
Cociella punctata (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Winterbottom, R.
 
Cociella punctata
[Spotted flathead]



Western Indian Ocean

Cociella somaliensis Knapp, 1996

Photo by Photo by MNHN
 
Cociella somaliensis
[]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 50 cm TL
Cymbacephalus beauforti (Knapp, 1973)

Photo by Photo by Honeycutt, K.
 
Cymbacephalus beauforti
[Crocodile fish]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 45 cm TL
Cymbacephalus bosschei (Bleeker, 1860)

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Cymbacephalus bosschei
[Small-eyed flathead]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 58 cm TL
Cymbacephalus nematophthalmus (Günther, 1860)

Photo by Photo by Banks, I.
 
Cymbacephalus nematophthalmus
[Fringe-eyed flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 50 cm TL

 
Cymbacephalus staigeri
[Northern rock flathead]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 19 cm TL
Elates ransonnettii (Steindachner, 1876)

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Elates ransonnettii
[Dwarf flathead]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Grammoplites knappi Imamura & Amaoka, 1994

Photo by Photo by Ratmuangkhwang, S.
 
Grammoplites knappi
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Grammoplites scaber (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.
 
Grammoplites scaber
[Rough flathead]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 31 cm TL
Grammoplites suppositus (Troschel, 1840)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Grammoplites suppositus
[Spotfin flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 24 cm TL
Inegocia harrisii (McCulloch, 1914)

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Inegocia harrisii
[Harris's flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 35 cm TL
Inegocia japonica (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Adams, M.J.
 
Inegocia japonica
[Japanese flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 44.4 cm SL

 
Inegocia ochiaii
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Kumococius rodericensis
[Spiny flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 29.2 cm SL

 
Leviprora inops
[Longhead flathead]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 6.6 cm SL
Onigocia bimaculata Knapp, Imamura & Sakashita, 2000

Photo by Photo by MNHN
 
Onigocia bimaculata
[Two-spotted flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 6.2 cm SL

 
Onigocia grandisquama
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 14.4 cm SL

 
Onigocia lacrimalis
[Smooth-snout flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 15 cm TL
Onigocia macrolepis (Bleeker, 1854)

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Onigocia macrolepis
[Notched flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Onigocia oligolepis (Regan, 1908)

Photo by Photo by Yin, Robert
 
Onigocia oligolepis
[Large-scale flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 11 cm TL
Onigocia pedimacula (Regan, 1908)

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Onigocia pedimacula
[Broadband flathead]
No picture found


 
Onigocia sibogae
[]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Onigocia spinosa (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)

Photo by Photo by Ryanskiy, A.
 
Onigocia spinosa
[Midget flathead]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 70 cm TL
Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Goebbels, D.
 
Papilloculiceps longiceps
[Tentacled flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 55 cm TL

 
Platycephalus aurimaculatus
[Toothy flathead]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 46 cm TL
Platycephalus bassensis Cuvier, 1829

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Platycephalus bassensis
[Southern sand flathead]



Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 45 cm TL
Platycephalus caeruleopunctatus McCulloch, 1922

Photo by Photo by Dijkstra, K.
 
Platycephalus caeruleopunctatus
[Blue-spotted flathead]
No picture found


 
Platycephalus chauliodous
[Bigtooth flathead]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 94 cm TL
Platycephalus conatus Waite & McCulloch, 1915

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Platycephalus conatus
[Deepwater flathead]
No picture found


 
Platycephalus cultellatus
[]



Eastern Indian Ocean to W
Max. Length 45 cm TL
Platycephalus endrachtensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Photo by Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.
 
Platycephalus endrachtensis
[Bar-tailed flathead]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 120 cm TL
Platycephalus fuscus Cuvier, 1829

Photo by Photo by Banks, I.
 
Platycephalus fuscus
[Dusky flathead]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 38 cm TL
Platycephalus grandispinis Cuvier, 1829

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Platycephalus grandispinis
[Longspine flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 100 cm TL
Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Platycephalus indicus
[Bartail flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 50 cm TL
Platycephalus laevigatus Cuvier, 1829

Photo by Photo by Schulz, S.
 
Platycephalus laevigatus
[Rock flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 36 cm TL
Platycephalus marmoratus Stead, 1908

Photo by Photo by Yau, B.
 
Platycephalus marmoratus
[Marbled flathead]
No picture found


 
Platycephalus micracanthus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 33.3 cm

 
Platycephalus orbitalis
[Western-Australian flathead]



Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 65 cm TL
Platycephalus richardsoni Castelnau, 1872

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Platycephalus richardsoni
[Tiger flathead]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 90 cm TL
Platycephalus speculator Klunzinger, 1872

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Platycephalus speculator
[Southern bluespotted flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 55.3 cm SL

 
Platycephalus westraliae
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 39.1 cm SL
Ratabulus diversidens (McCulloch, 1914)

Photo by Photo by Dijkstra, K.
 
Ratabulus diversidens
[Freespine flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 26.6 cm SL

 
Ratabulus fulviguttatus
[Orange-freckled flathead]



North Western Pacific
Max. Length 35 cm TL
Ratabulus megacephalus (Tanaka, 1917)

Photo by Photo by Cornish, A.
 
Ratabulus megacephalus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 32.8 cm SL

 
Ratabulus ventralis
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 17 cm TL
Rogadius asper (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.
 
Rogadius asper
[Olive-tailed flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 11.2 cm SL

 
Rogadius fehlmanni
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 14.6 cm SL

 
Rogadius mcgroutheri
[McGrouther’s flathead]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 27 cm TL
Rogadius patriciae Knapp, 1987

Photo by Photo by Steene, R.
 
Rogadius patriciae
[Black-banded flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 50 cm TL
Rogadius pristiger (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Tonozuka, T.
 
Rogadius pristiger
[Thorny flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 24 cm TL
Rogadius serratus (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Rogadius serratus
[Serrated flathead]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 13 cm TL
Rogadius welanderi (Schultz, 1966)

Photo by Photo by Tonozuka, T.
 
Rogadius welanderi
[Welander's flathead]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Solitas gruveli (Pellegrin, 1905)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Solitas gruveli
[Guinea flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 12.5 cm SL

 
Sorsogona humerosa
[White-margined flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 14.5 cm TL

 
Sorsogona melanoptera
[Obscure flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 20 cm TL

 
Sorsogona nigripinna
[Blackfin flathead]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 17 cm TL
Sorsogona portuguesa (Smith, 1953)

Photo by Photo by SFSA
 
Sorsogona portuguesa
[South African thorny flathead]



Western Indian Ocean in D
Max. Length 22 cm TL
Sorsogona prionota (Sauvage, 1873)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Sorsogona prionota
[Halfspined flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 14 cm TL
Sorsogona tuberculata (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Sorsogona tuberculata
[Tuberculated flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 30 cm TL

 
Suggrundus cooperi
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 26 cm TL
Suggrundus macracanthus (Bleeker, 1869)

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Suggrundus macracanthus
[Large-spined flathead]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 16.4 cm SL
Suggrundus meerdervoortii (Bleeker, 1860)

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Suggrundus meerdervoortii
[]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 37 cm TL
Sunagocia arenicola (Schultz, 1966)

Photo by Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Sunagocia arenicola
[Broadhead flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Sunagocia carbunculus (Valenciennes, 1833)

Photo by Photo by Ryanskiy, A.
 
Sunagocia carbunculus
[Papillose flathead]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Steene, R.
 
Sunagocia otaitensis
[Fringelip flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.7 cm SL

 
Sunagocia sainsburyi
[Sainsbury's flathead]
No picture found

Max. Length 12.1 cm SL

 
Thysanophrys armata
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Thysanophrys celebica (Bleeker, 1855)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Thysanophrys celebica
[Celebes flathead]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Thysanophrys chiltonae Schultz, 1966

Photo by Photo by Steene, R.
 
Thysanophrys chiltonae
[Longsnout flathead]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 38 cm TL
Thysanophrys cirronasa (Richardson, 1848)

Photo by Photo by Smith, B.
 
Thysanophrys cirronasa
[Tasselsnout flathead]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 18.6 cm SL
Thysanophrys longirostris (Shao & Chen, 1987)

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Thysanophrys longirostris
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 12.1 cm SL

 
Thysanophrys papillaris
[Smallknob flathead]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 9.9 cm SL
Thysanophrys randalli Knapp, 2013

Photo by Photo by Knapp, L.
 
Thysanophrys randalli
[Snub-snouted flathead]



Western Indian Ocean, Som
Max. Length 12.7 cm SL
Thysanophrys rarita Knapp, 2013

Photo by Photo by Knapp, L.
 
Thysanophrys rarita
[Somali flathead]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 8.9 cm SL
Thysanophrys springeri Knapp, 2013

Photo by Photo by Knapp, L.
 
Thysanophrys springeri
[Red Sea flathead]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 11.7 cm SL
Thysanophrys tricaudata Knapp, 2013

Photo by Photo by Knapp, L.
 
Thysanophrys tricaudata
[Sri Lankan flathead]



80 species

Sort by: Species Length Year
1 of 1 Jump to:
Export file
Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Ambiserrula jugosa Mud flathead Southwest Pacific 12.1 SL 1914
Cociella crocodilus Crocodile flathead Indo-West Pacific 50 TL 1829
Cociella heemstrai Western Indian Ocean 1996
Cociella hutchinsi Brownmargin flathead Southwest Pacific 30 TL 1996
Cociella punctata Spotted flathead Indo-West Pacific 35 TL 1829
Cociella somaliensis Western Indian Ocean 1996
Cymbacephalus beauforti Crocodile fish Western Pacific 50 TL 1973
Cymbacephalus bosschei Small-eyed flathead Western Central Pacific 45 TL 1860
Cymbacephalus nematophthalmus Fringe-eyed flathead Western Central Pacific 58 TL 1860
Cymbacephalus staigeri Northern rock flathead Western Central Pacific 50 TL 1875
Elates ransonnettii Dwarf flathead Western Central Pacific 19 TL 1876
Grammoplites knappi Western Pacific 30 TL 1994
Grammoplites scaber Rough flathead Indo-West Pacific 30 TL 1758
Grammoplites suppositus Spotfin flathead Indian Ocean 31 TL 1840
Inegocia harrisii Harris's flathead Indo-West Pacific 24 TL 1914
Inegocia japonica Japanese flathead Indo-West Pacific 35 TL 1829
Inegocia ochiaii East Asia 44.4 SL 2010
Kumococius rodericensis Spiny flathead Indo-West Pacific 25 TL 1829
Leviprora inops Longhead flathead Eastern Indian Ocean 29.2 SL 1840
Onigocia bimaculata Two-spotted flathead Indo-Pacific 6.6 SL 2000
Onigocia grandisquama Indo-West Pacific 6.2 SL 1908
Onigocia lacrimalis Smooth-snout flathead Pacific South West 14.4 SL 2009
Onigocia macrolepis Notched flathead Indo-West Pacific 15 TL 1854
Onigocia oligolepis Large-scale flathead Indo-West Pacific 10 TL 1908
Onigocia pedimacula Broadband flathead Indo-West Pacific 11 TL 1908
Onigocia sibogae Indo-West Pacific 2011
Onigocia spinosa Midget flathead Western Pacific 25 TL 1843
Papilloculiceps longiceps Tentacled flathead Western Indian Ocean 70 TL 1829
Platycephalus aurimaculatus Toothy flathead Eastern Indian Ocean 55 TL 1987
Platycephalus bassensis Southern sand flathead Indo-Pacific 46 TL 1829
Platycephalus caeruleopunctatus Blue-spotted flathead Southwest Pacific 45 TL 1922
Platycephalus chauliodous Bigtooth flathead Eastern Indian Ocean 1991
Platycephalus conatus Deepwater flathead Indo-Pacific 94 TL 1915
Platycephalus cultellatus Northwest Pacific 1846
Platycephalus endrachtensis Bar-tailed flathead Eastern Indian Ocean to W 45 TL 1825
Platycephalus fuscus Dusky flathead Western Pacific 120 TL 1829
Platycephalus grandispinis Longspine flathead Eastern Indian Ocean 38 TL 1829
Platycephalus indicus Bartail flathead Indo-West Pacific 100 TL 1758
Platycephalus laevigatus Rock flathead Indo-West Pacific 50 TL 1829
Platycephalus marmoratus Marbled flathead Indo-West Pacific 36 TL 1908
Platycephalus micracanthus Western Indian Ocean 1873
Platycephalus orbitalis Western-Australian flathead Easrtern Indian Ocean 33.3 2009
Platycephalus richardsoni Tiger flathead Southwest Pacific 65 TL 1872
Platycephalus speculator Southern bluespotted flathead Eastern Indian Ocean 90 TL 1872
Platycephalus westraliae Eastern Indian Ocean to W 55.3 SL 1938
Ratabulus diversidens Freespine flathead Indo-West Pacific 39.1 SL 1914
Ratabulus fulviguttatus Orange-freckled flathead Eastern Indian Ocean to W 26.6 SL 2010
Ratabulus megacephalus North Western Pacific 35 TL 1917
Ratabulus ventralis Western Pacific 32.8 SL 2010
Rogadius asper Olive-tailed flathead Indo-West Pacific 17 TL 1829
Rogadius fehlmanni Western Indian Ocean 11.2 SL 2012
Rogadius mcgroutheri McGrouther’s flathead Western Central Pacific 14.6 SL 2007
Rogadius patriciae Black-banded flathead Western Pacific 27 TL 1987
Rogadius pristiger Thorny flathead Indo-West Pacific 50 TL 1829
Rogadius serratus Serrated flathead Indo-West Pacific 24 TL 1829
Rogadius welanderi Welander's flathead Indo-Pacific 13 TL 1966
Solitas gruveli Guinea flathead Eastern Atlantic 20 TL 1905
Sorsogona humerosa White-margined flathead Western Indian Ocean 12.5 SL 2011
Sorsogona melanoptera Obscure flathead Indian Ocean 14.5 TL 1987
Sorsogona nigripinna Blackfin flathead Western Indian Ocean 20 TL 1905
Sorsogona portuguesa South African thorny flathead Western Indian Ocean 17 TL 1953
Sorsogona prionota Halfspined flathead Western Indian Ocean in D 22 TL 1873
Sorsogona tuberculata Tuberculated flathead Indo-West Pacific 14 TL 1829
Suggrundus cooperi Western Indian Ocean 30 TL 1908
Suggrundus macracanthus Large-spined flathead Indo-West Pacific 26 TL 1869
Suggrundus meerdervoortii Northwest Pacific 16.4 SL 1860
Sunagocia arenicola Broadhead flathead Indo-Pacific 37 TL 1966
Sunagocia carbunculus Papillose flathead Indo-West Pacific 40 TL 1833
Sunagocia otaitensis Fringelip flathead Indo-Pacific 30 TL 1829
Sunagocia sainsburyi Sainsbury's flathead Indo-West Pacific coasts 9.7 SL 2004
Thysanophrys armata Indo-Pacific 12.1 SL 1938
Thysanophrys celebica Celebes flathead Indo-West Pacific 20 TL 1855
Thysanophrys chiltonae Longsnout flathead Indo-Pacific 25 TL 1966
Thysanophrys cirronasa Tasselsnout flathead Indo-West Pacific 38 TL 1848
Thysanophrys longirostris Northwest Pacific 18.6 SL 1987
Thysanophrys papillaris Smallknob flathead Indo-West Pacific 12.1 SL 1999
Thysanophrys randalli Snub-snouted flathead Western Indian Ocean 9.9 SL 2013
Thysanophrys rarita Somali flathead Western Indian Ocean, Som 12.7 SL 2013
Thysanophrys springeri Red Sea flathead Western Indian Ocean 8.9 SL 2013
Thysanophrys tricaudata Sri Lankan flathead Eastern Indian Ocean 11.7 SL 2013



Other identification tools in FishBase


Quick Identification
Identification keys
Identification by morphometrics
Identification by pictures:
          If you already know the Family, go to Search FishBase, select Family and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the family.

          If you already know the Country, go to
Search FishBase, select Country and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the country.

          If you already know the Ecosystem, go to
Search FishBase, select Ecosystem and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the ecosystem.
cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013