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Family: Serranidae Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets



(See list of species below)



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555 species in
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555 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Acanthistius brasilianus Argentine seabass Southwest Atlantic 60 TL 1828
Acanthistius cinctus Yellowbanded perch Southwest Pacific. 50 TL 1859
Acanthistius fuscus Rapanui seabass Southeast Pacific 40 TL 1913
Acanthistius joanae Scalyjaw koester Western Indian Ocean 14 SL 2010
Acanthistius ocellatus Eastern wirrah Southwest Pacific. 45 TL 1859
Acanthistius pardalotus Leopard wirrah Eastern Indian Ocean 1981
Acanthistius patachonicus Southwest Atlantic 31 SL 1840
Acanthistius paxtoni Orangelined wirrah Southwest Pacific 1982
Acanthistius pictus Brick seabass Eastern Pacific 47 TL 1846
Acanthistius sebastoides Koester Southeast Atlantic 35 TL 1861
Acanthistius serratus Western wirrah Eastern Indian Ocean 50 TL 1828
Aethaloperca rogaa Redmouth grouper Indo-West Pacific 60 TL 1775
Alphestes afer Mutton hamlet Western Atlantic 33 TL 1793
Alphestes immaculatus Pacific mutton hamlet Eastern Pacific 30 TL 1936
Alphestes multiguttatus Rivulated mutton hamlet Eastern Pacific 30 TL 1867
Anatolanthias apiomycter Southeast Pacific 1990
Anthias anthias Swallowtail seaperch Eastern Atlantic 27 SL 1758
Anthias asperilinguis Western Atlantic 15.6 SL 1859
Anthias cyprinoides Eastern Atlantic 23.3 SL 1986
Anthias helenensis Southeast Atlantic 17.9 SL 1986
Anthias menezesi Western Atlantic 28 TL 1980
Anthias nicholsi Yellowfin bass Western Atlantic 25 TL 1933
Anthias noeli Rosy Jewelfish Southeast Pacific 29 TL 2000
Anthias woodsi Swallowtail bass Western Central Atlantic 20.8 SL 1980
Anyperodon leucogrammicus Slender grouper Indo-Pacific 65 TL 1828
Aporops bilinearis Blotched podge Indo-Pacific and Western 9.9 SL 1943
Aulacocephalus temminckii Goldribbon soapfish Indo-Pacific 40 TL 1855
Baldwinella aureorubens Streamer bass Western Atlantic 30 TL 1935
Baldwinella vivanus Red barbier Western Atlantic 25 TL 1885
Bathyanthias cubensis Western Central Atlantic 1958
Bathyanthias mexicanus Yellowtail bass Western Atlantic 15 TL 1958
Bathyanthias roseus Southwest Atlantic 1880
Belonoperca chabanaudi Arrowhead soapfish Indo-Pacific 15 TL 1930
Belonoperca pylei Orangespotted soapfish Western Central Pacific 6.2 SL 1998
Bullisichthys caribbaeus Pugnose bass Western Central Atlantic 6 SL 1971
Caesioperca lepidoptera Butterfly perch Eastern Indian Ocean and 30 TL 1801
Caesioperca rasor Barber perch Eastern Indian Ocean 25 TL 1839
Caesioscorpis theagenes Blowhole perch Eastern Indian Ocean 1945
Caprodon affinis Northwest Pacific 27.4 TL 1924
Caprodon krasyukovae Krasyukova's perch Western Pacific, Lord How 47 SL 1983
Caprodon longimanus Pink maomao Eastern and western South 55 FL 1859
Caprodon schlegelii Sunrise perch Southeastern Indian Ocean 35 TL 1859
Caprodon unicolor Elegant Anthias Eastern Pacific 22.8 SL 1975
Centropristis fuscula Twospot sea bass Western Atlantic 15 TL 1861
Centropristis ocyurus Bank sea bass Western Atlantic 30 TL 1887
Centropristis philadelphica Rock sea bass Western Atlantic 30 TL 1758
Centropristis rufus Western Central Atlantic 1829
Centropristis striata Black seabass Western Atlantic 66 TL 1758
Cephalopholis aitha Rusty hind Western Pacific 40 TL 1991
Cephalopholis argus Peacock hind Indo-Pacific 60 TL 1801
Cephalopholis aurantia Golden hind Indo-Pacific 60 TL 1828
Cephalopholis boenak Chocolate hind Indo-West Pacific 30 TL 1790
Cephalopholis cruentata Graysby Western Central Atlantic 42.6 TL 1802
Cephalopholis cyanostigma Bluespotted hind Western Pacific 40 TL 1828
Cephalopholis formosa Bluelined hind Indo-West Pacific 34 TL 1812
Cephalopholis fulva Coney Western Atlantic 44 TL 1758
Cephalopholis hemistiktos Yellowfin hind Western Indian Ocean 35 TL 1830
Cephalopholis igarashiensis Garish hind Pacific Ocean 43 TL 1957
Cephalopholis leopardus Leopard hind Indo-Pacific 24 TL 1801
Cephalopholis microprion Freckled hind Western Pacific 25 TL 1852
Cephalopholis miniata Coral hind Indo-Pacific 50 TL 1775
Cephalopholis nigri Niger hind Eastern Atlantic 30.5 TL 1859
Cephalopholis nigripinnis Blackfin grouper Indian Ocean 28 TL 1828
Cephalopholis oligosticta Vermilion hind Western Indian Ocean 30 TL 1983
Cephalopholis panamensis Pacific graysby Eastern Pacific 39 TL 1876
Cephalopholis polleni Harlequin hind Indo-Pacific 43 TL 1868
Cephalopholis polyspila Eastern Indian Ocean. 18.8 SL 2000
Cephalopholis sexmaculata Sixblotch hind Indo-Pacific 50 TL 1830
Cephalopholis sonnerati Tomato hind Indo-Pacific 57 TL 1828
Cephalopholis spiloparaea Strawberry hind Indo-Pacific 30 TL 1828
Cephalopholis taeniops Bluespotted seabass Eastern Atlantic 70 TL 1828
Cephalopholis urodeta Darkfin hind Pacific Ocean 28 TL 1801
Chelidoperca hirundinacea Western Pacific 15 SL 1831
Chelidoperca investigatoris Indian Ocean 1890
Chelidoperca lecromi Western Pacific 13 SL 1982
Chelidoperca maculicauda Indian perchlet Western Indian Ocean 12.9 2013
Chelidoperca margaritifera Pearly perchlet Western Pacific 5.1 SL 1913
Chelidoperca occipitalis Western Indian Ocean 1973
Chelidoperca pleurospilus Western Pacific 13 SL 1880
Chelidoperca santosi Pogi perchlet Western Pacific 8.4 SL 2015
Chelidoperca stella Indo-West Pacific 7.2 SL 2016
Chelidoperca tosaensis Red-spot perchlet Western Pacific 8.3 SL 2017
Choranthias salmopunctatus Salmon-spotted jewelfish Eastern Central Atlantic 6.1 SL 1981
Choranthias tenuis Threadnose bass Atlantic Ocean. Western 1920
Cratinus agassizii Graery threadfin seabass Eastern Pacific 60 TL 1878
Cromileptes altivelis Humpback grouper Western Pacific 70 TL 1828
Dactylanthias aplodactylus Western Central Pacific 17 SL 1858
Dactylanthias baccheti Eastern Central Pacific 20.4 SL 2007
Dermatolepis dermatolepis Leather bass Eastern Pacific 100 TL 1895
Dermatolepis inermis Marbled grouper Western Atlantic 91 TL 1833
Dermatolepis striolata Smooth grouper Western Indian Ocean 85 TL 1867
Diplectrum bivittatum Dwarf sand perch Western Atlantic 25 TL 1828
Diplectrum conceptione Sand-perch Eastern Pacific. Needs a 25 TL 1828
Diplectrum eumelum Orange-spotted sand perch Eastern Central Pacific 31 TL 1974
Diplectrum euryplectrum Bighead sand perch Eastern Pacific 20 TL 1890
Diplectrum formosum Sand perch Western Atlantic 30 TL 1766
Diplectrum labarum Highfin sand perch Eastern Central Pacific 26 TL 1974
Diplectrum macropoma Mexican sand perch Eastern Pacific 18 TL 1864
Diplectrum maximum Torpedo sand perch Eastern Pacific 37 TL 1946
Diplectrum pacificum Inshore sand perch Eastern Pacific 34 TL 1925
Diplectrum radiale Pond perch Western Atlantic 26 TL 1824
Diplectrum rostrum Bridled sand perch Eastern Pacific 21 TL 1974
Diplectrum sciurus Gulf squirrelfish Eastern Central Pacific 17 TL 1892
Diploprion bifasciatum Barred soapfish Indo-West Pacific 25 TL 1828
Diploprion drachi Yellowfin soapfish Western Indian Ocean 14 TL 1955
Dules auriga Southwest Atlantic 19.5 TL 1829
Epinephelides armatus Breaksea cod Eastern Indian Ocean 56 TL 1875
Epinephelus adscensionis Rock hind Western Atlantic 65 TL 1765
Epinephelus aeneus White grouper Eastern Atlantic 120 TL 1817
Epinephelus akaara Hong Kong grouper Northwest Pacific 58 TL 1842
Epinephelus albomarginatus White-edged grouper Western Indian Ocean 100 TL 1903
Epinephelus amblycephalus Banded grouper Western Pacific 50 TL 1857
Epinephelus analogus Spotted grouper Eastern Pacific 114 TL 1863
Epinephelus andersoni Catface grouper Southeast Atlantic and We 87 TL 1903
Epinephelus areolatus Areolate grouper Indo-Pacific 47 TL 1775
Epinephelus awoara Yellow grouper Northwest Pacific 60 TL 1842
Epinephelus bilobatus Frostback rockcod Eastern Indian Ocean 33 TL 1987
Epinephelus bleekeri Duskytail grouper Indo-West Pacific 76 TL 1878
Epinephelus bontoides Palemargin grouper Western Pacific 30 TL 1855
Epinephelus bruneus Longtooth grouper Northwest Pacific 136 TL 1793
Epinephelus caninus Dogtooth grouper Eastern Atlantic 164 TL 1843
Epinephelus chabaudi Moustache grouper Western Indian Ocean 137 TL 1861
Epinephelus chlorocephalus Tonga grouper Eastern Central Pacific 17.1 SL 1830
Epinephelus chlorostigma Brownspotted grouper Indo-Pacific 80 TL 1828
Epinephelus cifuentesi Olive grouper Eastern Pacific 100 TL 1993
Epinephelus clippertonensis Eastern Central Pacific 61 TL 1999
Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus Whitespotted grouper Indo-Pacific 76 TL 1790
Epinephelus coioides Orange-spotted grouper Indo-West Pacific 120 TL 1822
Epinephelus corallicola Coral grouper Western Pacific 49 TL 1828
Epinephelus costae Goldblotch grouper Eastern Atlantic and Medi 140 SL 1878
Epinephelus cyanopodus Speckled blue grouper Western Pacific 122 TL 1846
Epinephelus daemelii Saddletail grouper Southwest Pacific 200 TL 1876
Epinephelus darwinensis Darwin grouper Western Central Pacific 53.5 SL 1991
Epinephelus diacanthus Spinycheek grouper Indian Ocean 55 TL 1828
Epinephelus drummondhayi Speckled hind Western Atlantic 110 TL 1878
Epinephelus epistictus Dotted grouper Indo-West Pacific 80 TL 1842
Epinephelus erythrurus Cloudy grouper Indo-West Pacific 45 TL 1828
Epinephelus fasciatomaculosus Rock grouper Western Pacific 30 TL 1865
Epinephelus fasciatus Blacktip grouper Indo-Pacific 40 TL 1775
Epinephelus faveatus Barred-chest grouper Eastern Indian Ocean 32 TL 1828
Epinephelus flavocaeruleus Blue-and-yellow grouper Indian Ocean 90 TL 1802
Epinephelus fuscoguttatus Brown-marbled grouper Indo-Pacific 120 TL 1775
Epinephelus gabriellae Multispotted grouper Western Indian Ocean 52 TL 1991
Epinephelus goreensis Dungat grouper Eastern Atlantic 140 TL 1830
Epinephelus guttatus Red hind Western Atlantic 76 TL 1758
Epinephelus heniochus Bridled grouper Western Pacific 35 SL 1904
Epinephelus hexagonatus Starspotted grouper Indo-West Pacific 27.5 TL 1801
Epinephelus howlandi Blacksaddle grouper Western Pacific 55 TL 1873
Epinephelus indistinctus Somali grouper Western Indian Ocean 80 TL 1991
Epinephelus irroratus Marquesan grouper Pacific Ocean 34 TL 1801
Epinephelus itajara Atlantic goliath grouper Western Atlantic 250 TL 1822
Epinephelus kupangensis Indo-West Pacific 32.2 SL 2016
Epinephelus labriformis Starry grouper Eastern Pacific 60 TL 1840
Epinephelus lanceolatus Giant grouper Indo-Pacific 270 TL 1790
Epinephelus latifasciatus Striped grouper Indo-West Pacific 137 SL 1842
Epinephelus lebretonianus Mystery grouper Probably Indo-Pacific 25 SL 1853
Epinephelus longispinis Longspine grouper Indo-West Pacific 55 TL 1864
Epinephelus macrospilos Snubnose grouper Indo-Pacific 51 TL 1855
Epinephelus maculatus Highfin grouper Pacific Ocean 60.5 TL 1790
Epinephelus magniscuttis Speckled grouper Indo-West Pacific 150 TL 1963
Epinephelus malabaricus Malabar grouper Indo-Pacific 234 TL 1801
Epinephelus marginatus Dusky grouper East and Southwest Atlant 150 TL 1834
Epinephelus melanostigma One-blotch grouper Indo-West Pacific 35 TL 1953
Epinephelus merra Honeycomb grouper Indo-Pacific 32 TL 1793
Epinephelus miliaris Netfin grouper Indo-West Pacific 53 TL 1830
Epinephelus morio Red grouper Western Atlantic 125 TL 1828
Epinephelus morrhua Comet grouper Indo-Pacific 90 TL 1833
Epinephelus multinotatus White-blotched grouper Indian Ocean 100 TL 1876
Epinephelus ongus White-streaked grouper Indo-West Pacific 40 TL 1790
Epinephelus poecilonotus Dot-dash grouper Indo-West Pacific 65 TL 1842
Epinephelus polylepis Smallscaled grouper Western Indian Ocean 61 TL 1991
Epinephelus polyphekadion Camouflage grouper Indo-Pacific 90 SL 1849
Epinephelus polystigma White-dotted grouper Asia and Oceania 48 TL 1853
Epinephelus posteli Striped-fin grouper Western Indian Ocean 100 TL 1964
Epinephelus quinquefasciatus Pacific goliath grouper Eastern Pacific. Gulf of 250 TL 1868
Epinephelus quoyanus Longfin grouper Western Pacific 40 TL 1830
Epinephelus radiatus Oblique-banded grouper Indo-West Pacific 70 SL 1868
Epinephelus retouti Red-tipped grouper Indo-Pacific 50 TL 1868
Epinephelus rivulatus Halfmoon grouper Indo-West Pacific 45 TL 1830
Epinephelus sexfasciatus Sixbar grouper Western Central Pacific 40 TL 1828
Epinephelus socialis Surge grouper Pacific Ocean 52 TL 1873
Epinephelus spilotoceps Foursaddle grouper Indo-West-Pacific 35 TL 1953
Epinephelus stictus Black-dotted grouper Eastern Indian Ocean and 33 SL 1987
Epinephelus stoliczkae Epaulet grouper Western Indian Ocean 38 TL 1875
Epinephelus striatus Nassau grouper Western Atlantic 122 TL 1792
Epinephelus suborbitalis Seamount grouper Northwest Pacific 118 TL 1990
Epinephelus summana Summan grouper Western Indian Ocean 52 TL 1775
Epinephelus tauvina Greasy grouper Indo-Pacific 100 TL 1775
Epinephelus timorensis Yellowspotted grouper Eastern Indian Ocean 26.5 SL 1987
Epinephelus trimaculatus Threespot grouper Northwest Pacific 50 TL 1828
Epinephelus trophis Plump grouper Eastern Indian Ocean 12.5 SL 1987
Epinephelus tuamotuensis Reticulate grouper Eastern Central Pacific 66 SL 1971
Epinephelus tukula Potato grouper Indo-West Pacific 200 TL 1959
Epinephelus undulatostriatus Maori rockcod Western Pacific 61 TL 1866
Epinephelus undulosus Wavy-lined grouper Indo-West Pacific 120 TL 1824
Giganthias immaculatus Northwest Pacific 42 TL 1954
Giganthias serratospinosus Spinyfin Perch Indian Ocean 23.7 SL 2012
Gonioplectrus hispanus Spanish flag Western Atlantic 30 TL 1828
Gracila albomarginata Masked grouper Indo-Pacific 40 TL 1930
Grammistes sexlineatus Goldenstriped soapfish Indo-Pacific 30 TL 1792
Grammistops ocellatus Ocellate soapfish Indo-Pacific 13.2 TL 1953
Hemanthias leptus Longtail bass Western Atlantic 50 TL 1952
Hemanthias peruanus Splittail bass Eastern Pacific 45 TL 1875
Hemanthias signifer Damsel bass Eastern Pacific 42 TL 1899
Hemilutjanus macrophthalmos Grape-eye seabass Southeast Pacific 50 SL 1846
Holanthias caudalis Eastern Atlantic 21.4 SL 1976
Holanthias fronticinctus St. Helena seaperch Eastern Atlantic 22 SL 1868
Hypoplectrodes annulatus Blackbanded seaperch Southwest Pacific 30 TL 1859
Hypoplectrodes cardinalis Red seaperch Eastern Indian Ocean 10 TL 1990
Hypoplectrodes huntii Redbanded perch Southwest Pacific 20 TL 1875
Hypoplectrodes jamesoni Jameson's seaperch Western Pacific 12 TL 1908
Hypoplectrodes maccullochi Halfbanded seaperch Western Pacific 45 TL 1929
Hypoplectrodes nigroruber Banded seaperch Eastern Indian Ocean 30 TL 1828
Hypoplectrodes semicinctum Southeast Pacific 1833
Hypoplectrodes wilsoni Spotty seaperch Eastern Indian Ocean 20 TL 1980
Hypoplectrus aberrans Yellowbelly hamlet Western Central Atlantic 13 TL 1868
Hypoplectrus atlahua Jarocho hamlet Western Central Atlantic 10.4 SL 2013
Hypoplectrus castroaguirrei Western Central Atlantic 9.3 SL 2012
Hypoplectrus chlorurus Yellowtail hamlet Western Central Atlantic 12.7 TL 1828
Hypoplectrus ecosur Spotted hamlet Western Atlantic 10 SL 2012
Hypoplectrus floridae Florida hamlet Western Atlantic 10 SL 2012
Hypoplectrus gemma Blue hamlet Western Central Atlantic 13 NG 1882
Hypoplectrus gummigutta Golden hamlet Western Central Atlantic 13.2 TL 1851
Hypoplectrus guttavarius Shy hamlet Western Central Atlantic 13 TL 1852
Hypoplectrus indigo Indigo hamlet Western Central Atlantic 14.3 TL 1851
Hypoplectrus liberte Striped hamlet Western Central Atlantic 8.8 SL 2018
Hypoplectrus maculiferus Caribbean 1871
Hypoplectrus maya Maya hamlet Caribbean Sea 8.7 SL 2011
Hypoplectrus nigricans Black hamlet Western Atlantic 15.2 TL 1852
Hypoplectrus providencianus Masked Hamlet Western Central Atlantic 1994
Hypoplectrus puella Barred hamlet Western Central Atlantic 15.2 TL 1828
Hypoplectrus randallorum Tan Hamlet Western Caribbean from th 8.1 SL 2011
Hypoplectrus unicolor Butter hamlet Western Central Atlantic 12.7 TL 1792
Hyporthodus acanthistius Rooster hind Eastern Pacific 100 TL 1892
Hyporthodus ergastularius Sevenbar grouper Southwest Pacific 157 TL 1930
Hyporthodus exsul Tenspine grouper Eastern Central Pacific 125 TL 1944
Hyporthodus flavolimbatus Yellowedge grouper Western Atlantic 115 TL 1865
Hyporthodus haifensis Haifa grouper Eastern Atlantic 125 TL 1953
Hyporthodus mystacinus Misty grouper Western Atlantic 160 TL 1852
Hyporthodus nigritus Warsaw grouper Western Atlantic 230 TL 1855
Hyporthodus niphobles Star-studded grouper Eastern Pacific 48 SL 1897
Hyporthodus niveatus Snowy grouper Western Atlantic 122 TL 1828
Hyporthodus octofasciatus Eightbar grouper Indo-West Pacific 130 TL 1926
Hyporthodus perplexus Puzzling grouper Northwest Pacific 46.5 SL 1991
Hyporthodus quernus Hawaiian grouper Eastern Central Pacific 122 TL 1901
Hyporthodus septemfasciatus Convict grouper Northwest Pacific 155 TL 1793
Jeboehlkia gladifer Western Atlantic 4.1 SL 1967
Lepidoperca aurantia New Zealand orange perch Southwest Pacific 25.7 SL 1989
Lepidoperca brochata Fangtooth perch Southwest Pacific 1982
Lepidoperca caesiopercula Greycheek basslet Western Pacific 1951



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013