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Family: Apogonidae Cardinalfishes



(See list of species below)



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354 species in
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354 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Amioides polyacanthus Indo-Pacific. 22 TL 1877
Apogon americanus Brazilian flamefish Southwest Atlantic and Ea 10.1 SL 1855
Apogon atradorsatus Blacktip cardinalfish Southeast Pacific 8.9 SL 1903
Apogon atricaudus Plain cardinalfish Eastern Central Pacific 8 TL 1898
Apogon aurolineatus Bridle cardinalfish Western Atlantic 6.5 TL 1927
Apogon axillaris Axillary-spot cardinalfish Eastern Atlantic 15 TL 1832
Apogon binotatus Barred cardinalfish Western Central Atlantic 13 SL 1867
Apogon campbelli Western Indian Ocean 3.9 SL 1949
Apogon caudicinctus Little tailband cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 6.4 SL 1988
Apogon ceramensis Mangrove cardinalfish Western Pacific 8 TL 1852
Apogon coccineus Ruby cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 6 TL 1838
Apogon crassiceps Transparent cardinalfish Indo-Pacific. Replaced b 5 TL 1903
Apogon dammermani Western Central Pacific 1929
Apogon deetsie Deetsie's cardinalfish Eastern Central Pacific 5.1 SL 1998
Apogon dhofar Dhofar cardinalfish Western Indian Ocean 14 TL 1995
Apogon dianthus Western Central Pacific 4.8 SL 2002
Apogon doryssa Longspine cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 8 TL 1906
Apogon dovii Tailspot cardinalfish Eastern Pacific 7.5 TL 1862
Apogon erythrinus Hawaiian ruby cardinalfish Eastern Central Pacific 4.0 SL 1904
Apogon erythrosoma Western Indian Ocean 3.8 SL 2003
Apogon gouldi Deepwater cardinalfish Western Central Atlantic 6.6 SL 1977
Apogon guadalupensis Guadalupe cardinalfish Eastern Pacific 13 TL 1916
Apogon imberbis Cardinal fish Eastern Atlantic and Medi 15 SL 1758
Apogon indicus Indian cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 3.8 SL 2001
Apogon kautamea Rapanui cardinalfish Southeast Pacific 7.3 NG 2004
Apogon lachneri Whitestar cardinalfish Western Atlantic 6.5 TL 1959
Apogon lativittatus Eastern Central Pacific 5.8 SL 2001
Apogon latus Western Indian Ocean 1828
Apogon leptocaulus Slendertail cardinalfish Western Atlantic 6 TL 1972
Apogon maculatus Flamefish Western Atlantic 11.1 TL 1860
Apogon marquesensis Eastern Central Pacific 4.6 SL 2001
Apogon mosavi Dwarf cardinalfish Western Central Atlantic 1977
Apogon nitidus Bluespot cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 8 TL 1961
Apogon pacificus Pink cardinalfish Eastern Pacific 10 TL 1935
Apogon phenax Mimic cardinalfish Western Atlantic 7.5 TL 1968
Apogon pillionatus Broadsaddle cardinalfish Western Atlantic 6.5 TL 1968
Apogon planifrons Pale cardinalfish Western Atlantic 10.5 SL 1940
Apogon posterofasciatus Rearbar cardinalfish Western Central Pacific. 6 TL 2002
Apogon pseudomaculatus Twospot cardinalfish Western Atlantic 11 TL 1932
Apogon quadrisquamatus Sawcheek cardinalfish Western Atlantic 7 TL 1934
Apogon retrosella Barspot cardinalfish Eastern Central Pacific 10 TL 1862
Apogon robbyi Striped cardinalfish Western Central Atlantic 3.6 SL 1997
Apogon robinsi Roughlip cardinalfish Western Central Atlantic 10.1 SL 1968
Apogon rubellus Western Indian Ocean 1961
Apogon rubrifuscus Flathead cardinalfish Southeast Pacific 13.2 NG 2004
Apogon seminigracaudus Darktail cardinalfish Western Pacific 5 TL 2007
Apogon semiornatus Oblique-banded cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 7.5 TL 1876
Apogon susanae Western Pacific 4.0 SL 2001
Apogon talboti Flame cardinalfish Indo-Pacific. 14 TL 1961
Apogon townsendi Belted cardinalfish Western Central Atlantic 6.5 SL 1927
Apogon tricinctus Threeband cardinalfish Western Pacific 5.7 SL 2012
Apogon unicolor Big red cardinalfish Western Pacific 14 TL 1883
Apogon unitaeniatus Single-striped cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 6 TL 1995
Apogonichthyoides atripes Bulls-eye cardinalfish Southwest Pacific 9 TL 1916
Apogonichthyoides brevicaudatus Many-banded cardinal-fish Indo-West Pacific 19.5 TL 1909
Apogonichthyoides cantoris Western Central Pacific 1851
Apogonichthyoides cathetogramma Western Pacific 12 SL 1917
Apogonichthyoides chrysurus Golden cardinalfish Western Pacific 4 TL 1889
Apogonichthyoides erdmanni Deepreef cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 3.9 SL 2011
Apogonichthyoides euspilotus Western Pacific 5.9 SL 2006
Apogonichthyoides gardineri Western Indian Ocean 4.4 SL 1908
Apogonichthyoides heptastygma Western Indian Ocean 3.3 SL 1828
Apogonichthyoides maculipinnis Specklehead cardinalfish Western Indian Ocean 4.0 SL 1908
Apogonichthyoides melas Black cardinalfish Western Pacific 10 SL 1848
Apogonichthyoides miniatus Eastern Indian Ocean 2010
Apogonichthyoides niger Northwest Pacific 8 TL 1883
Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis Bullseye Indo-West Pacific. Red S 10 TL 1828
Apogonichthyoides opercularis Pearlycheek cardinalfish Western Central Pacific 7 SL 1878
Apogonichthyoides pharaonis Western Indian Ocean 1874
Apogonichthyoides pseudotaeniatus Doublebar cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 14 TL 1986
Apogonichthyoides regani Western Indian Ocean 4.8 SL 1951
Apogonichthyoides sialis Twinbar cardinalfish Western Pacific 14 TL 1914
Apogonichthyoides taeniatus Twobelt cardinal Western Indian Ocean 17 TL 1828
Apogonichthyoides timorensis Timor cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 9 TL 1854
Apogonichthyoides umbratilis Cryptic cardinalfish East Indian to Western Pa 4.1 SL 2010
Apogonichthyoides uninotatus Onespot cardinalfish Western Central Pacific 5.5 SL 1912
Apogonichthys landoni Western Central Pacific 1934
Apogonichthys ocellatus Ocellated cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 6 TL 1913
Apogonichthys perdix Perdix cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 6 TL 1854
Archamia bleekeri Gon's cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 10 TL 1859
Astrapogon alutus Bronze cardinalfish Western Atlantic 6.5 TL 1882
Astrapogon puncticulatus Blackfin cardinalfish Western Atlantic 8 SL 1867
Astrapogon stellatus Conchfish Western Central Atlantic 8 SL 1867
Cercamia cladara Eastern Central Pacific 4.5 SL 1988
Cercamia eremia Glassy cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 5 TL 1987
Cercamia melanogaster Western Pacific 2.8 SL 2015
Cheilodipterus alleni Allen's cardinalfish Western Central Pacific 10.4 SL 1993
Cheilodipterus arabicus Tiger cardinal Western Indian Ocean 18 SL 1789
Cheilodipterus artus Wolf cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 18.7 SL 1961
Cheilodipterus intermedius Intermediate cardinalfish Western Pacific 20 SL 1993
Cheilodipterus isostigmus Dog-toothed cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 11 TL 1940
Cheilodipterus lachneri Western Indian Ocean 12 SL 1959
Cheilodipterus macrodon Large toothed cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 25 TL 1802
Cheilodipterus nigrotaeniatus Indo-Pacific 10 TL 1912
Cheilodipterus novemstriatus Indian Ocean twospot cardinalfish Western Indian Ocean 8 TL 1838
Cheilodipterus octovittatus Western Indian Ocean 1828
Cheilodipterus parazonatus Mimic cardinal Western Pacific 6.1 SL 1993
Cheilodipterus persicus Persian cardinalfish Western Indian Ocean 15 TL 1993
Cheilodipterus pygmaios Western Indian Ocean 5 SL 1993
Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus Five-lined cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 13 TL 1828
Cheilodipterus singapurensis Truncate cardinalfish Western Pacific 18 SL 1860
Cheilodipterus subulatus Western Pacific 1909
Cheilodipterus zonatus Yellowbelly cardinalfish Western Pacific 8 TL 1912
Fibramia amboinensis Amboina cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 7 SL 1853
Fibramia lateralis Humpback cardinal Indo-Pacific 11 TL 1832
Fibramia thermalis Half-barred cardinal Indo-Pacific 8.5 TL 1829
Foa albimaculosa Cream-spotted cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 10 TL 1976
Foa brachygramma Weed cardinalfish Central Pacific 6.4 SL 1903
Foa fo Weedy cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 3.5 SL 1905
Foa hyalina Hyaline cardinalfish Western Pacific. 4.7 SL 1912
Foa leisi Central Pacific 3.8 SL 2011
Foa madagascariensis Indo-Pacific. 1931
Foa nivosa Western Pacific 2.9 SL 2011
Foa yamba Southwest Pacific 5.0 SL 2014
Fowleria aurita Crosseyed cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 9 TL 1831
Fowleria flammea Western Pacific 3.1 SL 1993
Fowleria isostigma Dotted cardinalfish Indo-Pacific. 7 SL 1906
Fowleria marmorata Marbled cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 7.5 TL 1877
Fowleria punctulata Spotcheek cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 9 SL 1838
Fowleria vaiulae Mottled cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 5 TL 1906
Fowleria variegata Variegated cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 8 TL 1832
Glossamia abo Asia 1935
Glossamia aprion Mouth almighty Asia and Oceania 18 SL 1842
Glossamia arguni Asia 10.2 SL 2011
Glossamia beauforti Beaufort's mouth almighty Asia 16 SL 1907
Glossamia gjellerupi Gjellerup's mouth almighty Asia and Oceania 16 SL 1929
Glossamia heurni Asia 1929
Glossamia narindica Slender mouth almighty Oceania 12.5 SL 1978
Glossamia sandei Sande's mouth almighty Asia and Oceania 19 SL 1907
Glossamia timika Timika Mouth Almighty Oceania 9.5 SL 2000
Glossamia trifasciata Three-barred mouth almighty Asia and Oceania 10 SL 1913
Glossamia wichmanni Wichmann's mouth almighty Asia and Oceania 18 SL 1907
Gymnapogon africanus Crystal cardinal Western Indian Ocean 5 TL 1954
Gymnapogon annona Naked cardinalfish Southwest Pacific 5 TL 1936
Gymnapogon foraminosus Northwest Pacific 1915
Gymnapogon japonicus Western Pacific 5 TL 1905
Gymnapogon melanogaster Western Indian Ocean 2.3 SL 2002
Gymnapogon philippinus Philippine cardinalfish Pacific Ocean 5 SL 1939
Gymnapogon urospilotus B-spot cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 2.7 SL 1953
Gymnapogon vanderbilti Vanderbilt's cardinalfish Eastern Central Pacific 1.9 SL 1938
Holapogon maximus Titan cardinalfish Western Indian Ocean 25 TL 1888
Jaydia albomarginatus Western Central Pacific. 10.2 SL 1912
Jaydia argyrogaster Silvermouth siphonfish Western Central Pacific 6 TL 1909
Jaydia carinatus Ocellate cardinalfish Western Pacific 15 TL 1828
Jaydia catalai Western Central Pacific 5.4 SL 1973
Jaydia ellioti Flag-in cardinal-fish Indo-West Pacific 16 TL 1875
Jaydia erythrophthalma Western Pacific 5.9 SL 2015
Jaydia hungi Western Indian Ocean 1965
Jaydia lineata Indian perch Indo-West Pacific 9 TL 1842
Jaydia melanopus Monster cardinal-fish Western Pacific 11 TL 1911
Jaydia novaeguineae Indo-Pacific 8.9 SL 1832
Jaydia photogaster Silverbelly cardinalfish Western Pacific 6 TL 1998
Jaydia poeciloptera Pearly-finned cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 14 SL 1828
Jaydia quartus Western Indian Ocean 2000
Jaydia queketti Spotfin cardinal Western Indian Ocean 12.3 TL 1903
Jaydia smithi Smith's cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 10 SL 1970
Jaydia striata Western Central Pacific 5.5 SL 1912
Jaydia striatodes Indo-West Pacific 1997
Jaydia tchefouensis Northwest Pacific 1942
Jaydia truncata Flagfin cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 15 TL 1855
Lachneratus phasmaticus Phantom cardinalfish Eastern Pacific 7.4 SL 1991
Lepidamia kalosoma Pinstripe cardinalfish Western Pacific 14 TL 1852
Lepidamia multitaeniata Smallscale cardinal Western Indian Ocean 18 TL 1828
Lepidamia natalensis Western Indian Ocean 19 TL 1908
Lepidamia omanensis Oman cardinalfish Western Indian Ocean 15.5 TL 1995
Neamia articycla Circular cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 3.5 SL 2006
Neamia notula Gillspot cardinalfish Western Indian Ocean 4.5 TL 2001
Neamia octospina Eightspine cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 7 TL 1912
Neamia xenica Western Central Pacific 2010
Nectamia annularis Ringtail cardinalfish Western Indian Ocean 7 SL 1829
Nectamia bandanensis Bigeye cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 10 TL 1854
Nectamia fusca Ghost cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 11.2 TL 1825
Nectamia ignitops Fire-eye cardinalfish Western Pacific 7.9 SL 2008
Nectamia luxuria Multi-barred cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 7.7 SL 2008
Nectamia savayensis Samoan cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 10 SL 1872
Nectamia similis Similar cardinalfish Western Pacific 6.3 SL 2008
Nectamia viria Bracelet cardinalfish Western Central Pacific 7.2 SL 2008
Nectamia zebrinus Western Indian Ocean 7.4 SL 1999
Ostorhinchus angustatus Broadstriped cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 11 TL 1911
Ostorhinchus aphanes Western Pacific 4.5 SL 2012
Ostorhinchus apogonoides Short-tooth cardinal Indo-West Pacific 10 TL 1856
Ostorhinchus aroubiensis Western Central Pacific. 1853
Ostorhinchus aterrimus Western Central Pacific 1867
Ostorhinchus atrogaster Blackbelly cardinalfish Western Pacific 5.9 SL 1912
Ostorhinchus aureus Ring-tailed cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 14.5 TL 1802
Ostorhinchus brevispinis Eastern Central Pacific 6.2 SL 2003
Ostorhinchus bryx Offshore cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 5.2 SL 1998
Ostorhinchus capricornis Capricorn cardinalfish Western Pacific 5.8 SL 1993
Ostorhinchus cavitensis Whiteline cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 7.5 TL 1907
Ostorhinchus chalcius Southeast Pacific 11.6 SL 1986
Ostorhinchus cheni Northwest Pacific 13 SL 1990
Ostorhinchus chrysopomus Spotted-gill cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 10 TL 1854
Ostorhinchus chrysotaenia Yellowlined cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 12 TL 1851
Ostorhinchus cladophilos Shelter cardinalfish Western Central Pacific 6 TL 2002
Ostorhinchus compressus Ochre-striped cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 12 TL 1911
Ostorhinchus cookii Cook's cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 10 TL 1881
Ostorhinchus cyanosoma Yellowstriped cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 8 TL 1853
Ostorhinchus cyanotaenia Western Central Pacific 1853
Ostorhinchus dispar Redspot cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 5 SL 1976
Ostorhinchus diversus Western Central Pacific 7.8 SL 1912
Ostorhinchus doederleini Doederlein's cardinalfish Western Pacific 14 TL 1901
Ostorhinchus endekataenia Candystripe cardinalfish Western Pacific 14 TL 1852
Ostorhinchus fasciatus Broadbanded cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 12.6 TL 1790
Ostorhinchus flagelliferus Coachwhip cardinal Western Indian Ocean 13 TL 1961
Ostorhinchus flavus Brassy cardinalfish Southwest Pacific 9.6 SL 1993
Ostorhinchus fleurieu Flower cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 12.5 SL 1802
Ostorhinchus franssedai Frans' cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 7.5 SL 1994
Ostorhinchus fukuii Indo-West Pacific 9.3 SL 1990
Ostorhinchus griffini Hookfin cardinalfish Western Pacific 13.5 SL 1910
Ostorhinchus gularis Gular cardinalfish Western Indian Ocean 6.6 TL 1984
Ostorhinchus hartzfeldii Hartzfeld's cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 12 TL 1852
Ostorhinchus hoevenii Frostfin cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 6 TL 1854
Ostorhinchus holotaenia Copperstriped cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 8 TL 1905
Ostorhinchus ishigakiensis Western Pacific 6 TL 1974
Ostorhinchus jenkinsi Spot-nape cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 8.7 SL 1907
Ostorhinchus kiensis Rifle cardinal Northwest Pacific 8 TL 1901
Ostorhinchus komodoensis Komodo cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 10 SL 1998
Ostorhinchus leptofasciatus Slenderline cardinalfish Western Pacific 5 SL 2001
Ostorhinchus leslie Central Pacific 4.9 SL 2006
Ostorhinchus limenus Sydney cardinalfish Southwest Pacific 14 TL 1988
Ostorhinchus lineomaculatus Linespot cardinalfish Indian Ocean 6.5 TL 2002
Ostorhinchus luteus Yellow cardinalfish Western Central Pacific 4.4 SL 1998
Ostorhinchus maculiferus Spotted cardinalfish Eastern Central Pacific 14 TL 1864
Ostorhinchus margaritophorus Red-striped cardinalfish Western Central Pacific 6.5 TL 1855
Ostorhinchus melanoproctus Blackvent cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 4 SL 1976
Ostorhinchus melanopterus Western Central Pacific 1930
Ostorhinchus microspilos Microspot cardinalfish Indian Ocean 7 TL 2002
Ostorhinchus moluccensis Moluccan cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 9 TL 1832
Ostorhinchus monospilus Moluccen cardinal Indo-Pacific 7.8 SL 2002
Ostorhinchus multilineatus Many-lined cardinalfish Western Pacific. 10 TL 1874
Ostorhinchus mydrus Western Central Pacific 1905
Ostorhinchus nanus Tiny cardinalfish Western Central Pacific 6 SL 1994
Ostorhinchus neotes Mini cardinalfish Western Central Pacific 2.7 SL 1994
Ostorhinchus nigripes Blackfoot cardinal Western Indian Ocean 7 TL 1867
Ostorhinchus nigrocincta Blackbelt cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific. 9.1 SL 1912
Ostorhinchus nigrofasciatus Blackstripe cardinalfish Indo-Pacific 10 TL 1953
Ostorhinchus norfolcensis Norfolk cardinalfish Southwest Pacific 15 TL 1888
Ostorhinchus notatus Spotnape cardinalfish Western Pacific 10 TL 1782
Ostorhinchus noumeae Western Central Pacific 1958
Ostorhinchus novemfasciatus Sevenstriped cardinalfish Pacific Ocean 10 TL 1828
Ostorhinchus ocellicaudus Tail-eye cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 5 SL 1994
Ostorhinchus oxina Indian Ocean 7.1 SL 1999
Ostorhinchus oxygrammus Sharpline cardinalfish Western Pacific 3.9 SL 2001
Ostorhinchus pallidofasciatus Palestriped cardinalfish Eastern Indian Ocean 7 SL 1987
Ostorhinchus parvulus Western Pacific. 4 TL 1912
Ostorhinchus pleuron Rib-bar cardinalfish Indo-West Pacific 10.4 SL 2005
Ostorhinchus properuptus Southern orange-lined cardinal fish Indo-Pacific. 6 TL 1964
Ostorhinchus pselion Western Indian Ocean 4 SL 1990
Ostorhinchus quinquestriatus Western Indian Ocean 3.7 SL 1908
Ostorhinchus radcliffei Western Central Pacific 1918



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013