Morphology Data of Ancistrus mullerae
Identification keys
Main Ref. Bifi, A.G., C.S. Pavanelli and C.H. Zawadzki, 2009
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species differs from its congeners in the Río de La Plata and coastal basins of southern Brazil, except A. abilhoai, A. agostinhoi, A. formoso, A. multispinis and A. taunayi, by possessing a maxillary barbel short and not free from lower lip (vs. longer and free from lower lip); from A. abilhoai by the width of its mandibulary teeth row 16.5-21.0% of HL (vs. 13.4-15.5%) and 39.3-58.0% of interorbital width (vs. 32.9-37.9%); from A. agostinhoi by occipital depth 15.4-18.8% of SL (vs. 18.8-22.0%) and head length 34.4-37.9%, mean= 36.3% of SL (vs. 37.8-41.4%, mean= 38.9%); from A. formoso by orbital diameter 11.9-18.4% of HL (vs. 8.3-8.7%), caudal peduncle depth 8.8-11.5% of SL (vs. 7.8-8.7%) and number of dentary teeth 51-97 (vs. 110); from A. multispinis and A. taunayi by number of interopercular spines 12-22 (vs. 24-35 and 22-28, respectively) (Ref. 83296).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Ancistrus mullerae

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 7 - 7
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 3 - 4

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   6 - 6
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17