Morphology Data of Carasobarbus fritschii
Identification keys
Main Ref. Borkenhagen, K. and F. Krupp, 2013
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Diagnosis: Two pairs of barbels, 30-39 scales in the lateral line and 14-20 scales around the least circumference of the caudal peduncle; dorsal fin usually shorter than anal fin and more than 15% of its last unbranched ray flexible, dorsal profile of the head convex (Ref. 94477).

Description: The body is of moderate height and sometimes has a small nuchal hump in larger specimens; the head is round with a convex dorsal profile and convex or straight ventral profile; the head length is shorter than the body depth, the mouth is inferior with two pairs of barbels; the lower lip is crescent shaped and sometimes weakly keratinised; the eyes are in the anterior half of the head (Ref. 94477). The dorsal fin is short and weakly ossified and more than 15% of the length of its last unbranched ray is flexible; its last unbranched ray is about as long as the head; it usually has 4 unbranched and 7-10 branched rays; the anal fin usually has 3 unbranched and 5-6 branched rays; its length is rather variable in adult specimens; it reaches the base of the caudal fin in some specimens (Ref. 94477). It has 30-39 scales in the lateral line, usually 5.5 scales above the lateral line, usually 4.5-5.5 scales below the lateral line, and 14-20 scales around the least circumference of the caudal peduncle (Ref. 94477). The pharyngeal teeth count is 2.3.4-4.3.2; pharyngeal teeth are hooked at their tips (Ref. 94477).

Colouration: Live specimens are silvery and usually have a dark longitudinal band above the lateral line; fins are hyaline to slightly orange (Ref. 94477). Ethanol-preserved specimens are yellow-brown, the back is usually distinctly darker than the belly and flanks (Ref. 94477).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Carasobarbus fritschii

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 30 - 39
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 5 - 5
Scale rows below lateral line 4.5 - 5.5
Scales around caudal peduncle 14 - 20
Barbels 4
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 11 - 14
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 8 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Boden, Gert
Modified by Boden, Gert
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