Morphology Data of Lepidocephalus macrochir
Identification keys
Main Ref. Deein, G., W. Tangjitjaroen and L.M. Page, 2014
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species can be easily diagnosed from Lepidocephalus spectrum by the presence of eyes and dark pigment on the body, and absence of tubules along the lateral line; from L. pahangensis by the presence of scales on top of the head; from L. pallens by having the dorsal-fin origin well behind (vs. over) the pelvic-fin origin (predorsal length 65.0-69.3 vs. 59.9% SL); and from L. nanensis by having a shorter snout (3.9-5.1 vs. 5.6-7.4% SL; 23.3-27.1 vs. 28.6-38.1% HL). This species further differs from L. pahangensis in having 8 (vs. 9) branched dorsal-fin rays and 5-6 (vs. 4) branched anal-fin rays, and from L. pallens, L. pahangensis and L. spectrum in having a shorter head (16.6-18.8 vs. 23.2, 21.8, and 21.3-23.2% SL respectively) (Ref. 95334).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Lepidocephalus macrochir

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales 105 - 150
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 11 - 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes more or less truncate

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 7 - 8

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   10 - 11
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Soft-rays   6 - 8
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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