Morphology Data of Parapercis maculata
Identification keys
Main Ref. Randall, J.E., 2008
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished by the following characters: body color in life light brown dorsally, center of scales whitish, 6 irregular, semicircular brown blotches along back that link narrowly to large dark brown spots on about lower 2/3 of body, with the spots vertically elongate anteriorly, horizontally elongate and darker posteriorly; head orangish brown with small dark brown spots dorsally on snout and nape, 7 narrow bluish white bars (3 on opercle and preopercle, 4 radiating from ventral and anterior part of eye); dorsal and anal fins are translucent whitish, the spinous dorsal with a large black basal spot mainly between the 3rd and 5th spines; rows or round orange spots on soft dorsal fin; small irregular white spots on anal fin; dark brown about lower third of caudal fin with small whitish spots along rays, the rest of the fin light grey with small white and orange spots along rays; D V,21, all rays branched; A I,17 all rays branched; pectoral rays 16-17, branched except uppermost; 57-58 lateral line scales; gill rakers 4-6 + 8-10; lower jaw projecting, 3 pairs of canine teeth anteriorly in jaws; palatine teeth absent; vomerine teeth in a chevron-shaped patch of 3-4 rows; greatest body depth 5.05-6 in SL; head length (HL) 3.5-3.9 in SL; orbit diameter 3.6-4.4 in HL; preopercle's posterior margin with widely spaced, small, blunt serrae; opercle scales ctenoid, cheek scales weakly ctenoid dorsally, becoming cycloid, progressively smaller, nonimbricate ventrally; fourth dorsal spine is the longest, 3.1-3.8 in HL; caudal fin emarginate on dorsal half, often with protruding upper lobe, becoming rounded on ventral half; pectoral fins 5.1-5.4 in SL; pelvic fins just reaching anus (Ref. 79876).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Parapercis maculata

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 57 - 58
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line 14.5 - 14.5
Scales around caudal peduncle 30 - 30
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 8 - 10
on upper limb 4 - 6
total 12 - 16
total 30 - 30


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   0 - 0
Ventral  0 - 0
Spines total 5 - 5
Soft-rays total 21 - 21
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes other (see remark)

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 17 - 17

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   16 - 17
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Garilao, Cristina V.
Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17