Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Bothrocara: Greek, bostrykos = cure of lack of hair + Tupí, guaraní, acará = the name of a fish. It could be also from Greek, kara = face (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 129 - 2570 m (Ref. 50550), usually 457 - ? m (Ref. 2850). Deep-water
North Pacific: Sakhalin, Russia and Navarin Canyon in the Bering Sea to Attu Island in the Aleutian chain and Coronado Islands, Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 74.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80637)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 95 - 100. Dorsal and anal fins enveloped anteriorly in soft gelatinous tissue (Ref. 6885). Uniform light gray or brown, semi translucent, blue or black margins on dorsal and anal fins; color stronger posteriorly, transparent on narrow margins of unpaired fins; light on lining on mouth; black on peritoneum (Ref. 6885).
Found on mud or sandy-mud bottoms (Ref. 2850). The stomach contents indicate that it feeds upon a wide variety of bottom-dwelling organisms, probably eating anything it encounters that has food value and is small enough to ingest (Ref. 4525).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.2 - 4.8, mean 2.6 (based on 298 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00170 (0.00092 - 0.00314), b=3.23 (3.06 - 3.40), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=1,650-2,480).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .