Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Melanostomiinae
Etymology: Eustomias: Greek, eu = good + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 1820 m (Ref. 11333). Deep-water; 35°N - 10°S
Eastern Atlantic: Morocco to Western Sahara. Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea and within 10° of longitude of land from 23°N to 9°S.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11333); 18.8 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 35 - 37. A single terminal bulb, three times longer than wide (Ref. 37473); 1.1-2.3% SL, with a single, digitate terminal projection 12-90% of bulb length. Bulb and projection combined 1.9-3% SL. Barbel 40-78% SL mostly more than 30%. Axis of stem moderately to darkly pigmented. External chevron-shaped or roundish striated areas unpigmented, closely spaced or contiguous distally. A few tiny spheres outside axis proximal to bulb in some specimens; otherwise no spherical or granular inclusions in stem. Middorsal paired spots between occiput and dorsal-fin origin usually 8, sometimes 9 (Ref. 11333).
Mesopelagic species (Ref. 4468).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gibbs, R.H. and M.A. Barnett, 1990. Melanostomiidae. p. 308-337. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4468)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.2 - 18, mean 10.7 (based on 263 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .