Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae
(Puffers) > Canthigasterinae
Etymology: Canthigaster: Greek, kanthos = the outer or inner corner of the eye, where the lids meet, 1646 + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Allen & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 40 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Agalega Islands, Mauritius to Durban, South Africa. Also Maldives (Ref. 9710).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4919)
soft rays: 9. Caudal peduncle and sides behind pectoral fins covered with dark dots; dark lines around eye; sometimes with a dark stripe on midventral line of belly; fins translucent with dark-edged rays; upper and lower edge of caudal fin dark (Ref. 4919).
Inhabits outer reef slopes (Ref. 9710). Solitary (Ref. 90102). Found on clear inner reefs, often on slopes near bases of steep walls with mixed rubble and boulders in depths of about 30 meters (Ref. 48637).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, M.M. and P.C. Heemstra, 1986. Tetraodontidae. p. 894-903. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4919)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.1 - 27.6, mean 26.7 °C (based on 14 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02818 (0.01196 - 0.06644), b=2.94 (2.73 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 114 [45, 267] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.903 [0.562, 1.790] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.3, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.139 [0.069, 0.266] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.5 [14.2, 63.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 49.8 [14.5, 173.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.49 [0.94, 2.38] mg/100g (wet weight);