Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Odacidae
(Cales and weed-whitings)
Etymology: Odax: Greek, odax, = with the teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Forster.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 121916). Subtropical; 35°S - 48°S, 166°E - 179°E
Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and probably Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 24.6, range 23 - 26.48 cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6185); max. published weight: 1.5 kg (Ref. 9258); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 52272)
Inhabits shallow inshore waters where rocks and brown algae are abundant. Browses on algae and feeds mainly on brown algae Carpophyllum (Ref. 26966), Lessonia spp., and Macrocystis spp. (Ref. 116706).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F. and J.R. Paxton, 1985. A revision of the Odacidae, a temperate Australian-New Zealand labroid fish family. Indo-Pac. Fish. (8):57 p. (Ref. 6185)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7502 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00265 - 0.01809), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.1 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=19; K=0.23; tm=1.2-3.9;).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 97.6 [50.8, 187.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.62 [0.96, 2.65] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.3, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.304 [0.203, 0.468] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.7 [19.7, 73.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.22 [1.39, 12.98] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.03 [0.71, 1.47] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.