Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.0 - 9.0; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 10615). Tropical; 22°C - 30°C (Ref. 9110); 1°N - 8°S
South America: Amazon River basin.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 15 - 16 cm
Max length : 23.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111115); common length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10612); common length :18 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 211.00 g (Ref. 111115)
Occurs over sandy bottoms in rivers. Usually forms schools. Mainly diurnal (Ref. 9086). Feeds on the fruits and seeds of Moraceae, Myrtaceae, Euphorbiaceae; Coleoptera, Orthoptera, Lepidoptera, and Brachyplatystoma flavicans (Ref. 9086); and on plankton, nekton, and crustaceans (Ref. 10615).
Males and females spawn in groups; often two or more males curled around one female (Ref. 10612).
Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38376)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; bait: occasionally
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.01066 - 0.02053), b=2.91 (2.84 - 2.98), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.30 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .