Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Sardinella: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188). Tropical; 31°N - 30°S, 31°E - 155°E (Ref. 188)
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Persian Gulf, East African coasts, Madagascar eastward to Indonesia and the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), north to Taiwan and south to Papua New Guinea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 9.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 12 - 23. Body somewhat compressed but variable, from slender to moderately deep; total number of scutes 29 to 33. Vertical striae on scales not meeting at center, hind part of scales with a few perforations and somewhat produced posteriorly. A dark spot at dorsal fin origin. Lower gill rakers 41 to 68 (at 4 to 15 cm standard length, increasing a little with size of fish).
Found in coastal waters (Ref. 30573). Forms schools. Feeds on zooplankton and phytoplankton (Ref. 30573). Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, and made into fish balls.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29.2, mean 28.2 (based on 1450 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.14 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.10-2.03).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .