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Pristis clavata Garman, 1906

Dwarf sawfish
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Pristis clavata
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Pristidae (Sawfishes)
Etymology: Pristis: Greek, pristis = saw (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 116378).   Tropical; 20°N - 25°S, 46°E - 155°E (Ref. 114953)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: tropical Australia, possibly more widely distributed. A nominal record from the Canary Islands may not be this species, but the sketchily known Pristis pristis from the eastern Atlantic is similar and needs comparison to determine if the two species are distinct (Ref. 009859). India (Bay of Bengal), Indonesia to eastern Australia, isolatted record from Réunion (Ref. 114953).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 318 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116378); max. reported age: 34 years (Ref. 116378)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Greenish brown, rarely yellowish; white ventrally; fins paler. Body shark-like, pectoral fins distinct; head flattened, with a blade-like snout bearing 18-22 pairs of lateral teeth; blade broad, not tapering distally. Nostrils broad with large nasal flaps. Rostral teeth slender, with a groove along posterior margins; teeth reaching basal quarter of blade. Skin with denticles.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Demersal in shallow coastal inshore habitats in mangrove swamps and embayments (Ref. 114953), intertidal species found in estuaries and on tidal mudflats (Ref. 9859). Ascends brackish areas of rivers (Ref. 9859). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Pupping thought to occur during the tropical wet season (November to March in Australia (Ref. 114953). Biology little known (Ref. 9859). Males mature at approximately 260 cm TL, females possibly slightly larger; born at 65 cm TL (Ref. 114953). Flesh may be good to eat (Ref. 6871).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V. and P.R. Last, 1999. Pristidae. Sawfishes. p. 1410-1417. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO identification guide for fishery purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9859)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Endangered (EN) (A2cd); Date assessed: 07 May 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941)


Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5234   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00195 - 0.01230), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (71 of 100) .