Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae
(Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Neoscorpaena: Greek, neos = new + see under genus Scorpaena. More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 40 - 507 m (Ref. 86966). Subtropical
Western Indian Ocean: South Africa, Madagascar, the Seychelles and Réunion.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86966)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5;
Vertebrae: 26. This species is characterized by the following: D XII, 9-11 (usually 10); A III,5; pelvic-fin rays I,5; pectoral-fin rays 18 on each side of body (asymmetrically 17 and 18 in one specimen); Longitudinal scale series 32-37; pored lateral-line scales 23-25 (usually 25); scale rows above lateral line 4-5 (usually 5) and below 10; scale rows between last dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line 4-5 (usually 5); 6 scale rows between sixth dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line; 6-8 predorsal scales; gill rakers on upper limb 5-7, lower limb 12-13, total 17-20 (usually 18); 26 vertebrae (based on MNHN 2003-291); head length 45.9-48.6% of SL; orbit diameter 12.0-17.1% of SL (value significantly decreasing with growth); interorbital width at middle of eye 4.4-5.8% of SL; lateral lacrimal spine absent; anterior lacrimal spine rounded, not spinous shape; posterior lacrimal spine triangular; suborbital spines 4-8; preopercular spines 5, with an additional spine on uppermost spine; preocular, supraocular, postocular, and tympanic spines are well developed; interorbital ridges joined posteriorly to tympanic spine bases; no parietal spine; the large and well developed nuchal spine originating from posterior end of tympanic spine; absence of interorbital, coronal and pretympanic spines; occiput nearly flat, without pit; sphenotic spines 2-13; parietal, lower posttemporal and supracleithral spines well developed; no upper posttemporal spine, but a small spine occurring between nuchal and lower posttemporal spines; posterior margin of maxilla just short of or reaching a vertical through posterior margin of orbit; with teeth on vormer and palatines; pectoral fin bilobed; usually a large black blotch on dorsal fin basally between fifth-seventh and tenth spines (lacking the blotch in some specimens); body is strongly mottled, especially dorsally (Ref. 86966).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Motomura, H., P. Béarez and R. Causse, 2011. Review of Indo-Pacific specimens of the subfamily Scorpaeninae (Scorpaenidae), deposited in the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, with description of a new species of Neomerinthe. Cybium 35(1):55-73. (Ref. 86966)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.3 - 17.9, mean 16.8 (based on 4 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00587 - 0.02579), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .