Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Chiasmodontidae
Etymology: Kali: Named after Kali, a Hindu goddess..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 1000 - ? m (Ref. 6649). Deep-water
Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: in tropical and subtropical waters. Known from relatively few scattered localities from Sargasso Sea to off Baja California, Mexico. Eastern Atlantic: ca 28°N to 15°S, not known from the Gulf of Guinea/Benguela Current area (Ref. 6944).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6944)
All adult specimens have been taken in hauls to depths exceeding 1,000 m. Gargaropteron-stage specimens unknown (Ref. 6944).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Johnson, R.K. and M.J. Keene, 1986. Chiasmodontidae. p. 731-734. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 6649)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.9 - 4.3, mean 3.6 °C (based on 971 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .