Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Carangoides: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 9710). Subtropical; 42°N - 25°S, 97°W - 7°E
Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA) and Bermuda, through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean to São Paulo, Brazil (Ref. 57756). Eastern Central Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 45.0, range 32 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 14.0 kg (Ref. 26340)
Adults prefer offshore reefs (Ref. 9710) and open marine waters (Ref. 26938). Juveniles often found near the shore on seagrass beds or often associated jellyfish or floating Sargassum (Ref. 5217). Generally solitary but sometimes seen in small groups (Ref. 26235). They feed on small fishes (Ref. 26235). Spawning occurs offshore from February to October (Ref. 26938). Flavor considered fair to good (Ref. 5521).
Cervigón, F., 1993. Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p. (Ref. 9626)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.8 - 28, mean 26.4 °C (based on 462 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02138 (0.01337 - 0.03419), b=2.93 (2.80 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec > 7 million eggs).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .