Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Oreochromis: Latin, aurum = gold + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Lower reaches of Bengo and Quanza (Cuanza) Rivers and lakes and lagoons in their neighborhood in Angola.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 17;
soft rays: 8 - 10;
Vertebrae: 29. Diagnosis: outer teeth of jaws in females and young males bicuspid except a few lateral unicuspids, but mature males with many unicuspids, until at about 20cm SL nearly all outer teeth are unicuspid and the posterior are enlarged; pharyngeal teeth fine and dense, with blade of lower pharyngeal bone longer than toothed area; 21-26 gill-rakers on lower part of first arch; 29 vertebrae; 15-16, rarely 17 dorsal spines; total dorsal rays 27 or 28; caudal fin not scaly; genital papilla in both sexes complex, in the male elongate, bifid and tasselled; white spots on pelvic fins of mature males and on dorsal, anal and base of caudal in both sexes; dentition and coloration of mature males diagnostic (Ref. 2).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Trewavas, E., 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, UK. 583 p. (Ref. 2)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00704 - 0.03738), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .