Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Paracobitis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate
Asia: endemic to Euphrates and Tigris river systems.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97574)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Differs from other epigean species of Paracobitis in the Middle East by a combination of non-unique characters: flank behind dorsal-fin base is covered by scales, while anterior flank is scaleless (vs. scales completely absent in P. vignai or the body completely covered by scales in P. longicauda and P. rhadinaea) . Can be further diagnosed from other congeners by having caudal fin moderately to slightly emarginate (vs. deeply emarginate or forked in P. vignai and a roundish posterior nare opening (vs. slit-shaped in P. longicauda, P. rhadinaea and P. vignai) (Ref. 97574).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Freyhof, J., H.R. Esmaeili, G. Sayyadzadeh and M. Geiger, 2014. Review of the crested loaches of the genus Paracobitis from the Iran and Iraq with the description of four new species (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 25(1):11-38. (Ref. 97574)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00638 - 0.01135), b=2.98 (2.94 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .