Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Gadidae
(Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Gadiculus: Latin, gadus = a fish, cod? (Ref. 45335).
Previously as a subspecies of Gadiculus argenteus Guichenot, 1850. Synonym of the latter in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Oct. 2012: Ref. 92135) followimg (Mercader & Vinyoles, 2008).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous; depth range 100 - 1000 m (Ref. 35388). Temperate; 72°N - 43°N, 32°W - 26°E
Northeast Atlantic: North Cape, Skagerrak to Bay of Biscay. Western Mediterranean (Ref.123983).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3663); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645)
Over muddy bottoms. Spawns in spring. Important prey for several commercial fish.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205).
Svetovidov, A.N., 1986. Gadidae. p. 680-710. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 3663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.5 - 10.4, mean 7.4 °C (based on 200 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00432 - 0.01529), b=3.09 (2.93 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.69).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 74.6 [35.9, 163.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.742 [0.393, 1.280] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.2, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.839 [0.398, 1.838] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.6 [5.2, 23.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21.3 [5.7, 84.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.805 [0.515, 1.264] mg/100g (wet weight);