Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Argentiniformes
(Marine smelts) > Argentinidae
(Argentines or herring smelts)
Etymology: Glossanodon: Greek, glossa = tongue + Greek, anodos = without teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 70 - 1017 m (Ref. 47843). Temperate; 32°N - 15°N, 101°E - 149°E
Northwest Pacific: southern Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84005)
Found in the shelf edge and upper bathyal in sandy mud bottom (Ref. 11230). Maximum length of 25.5 cm TL from asymptotic length in Ref. 5952 (assumed to be TL). Matures at 13 cm SL at 2 years old (Ref. 84005).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.9 - 23.2, mean 14.1 °C (based on 42 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00165 - 0.00837), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.27-1.2; tmax=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .