Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae
(Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Phenacoscorpius: Greek, phenax, -akos = deceptive + Greek, skorpion = scorpion (Ref. 45335). More on author: Norman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 139 - 736 m (Ref. 92845). Deep-water
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26165)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: pectoral-fin rays 16-18 (mode 17) with middle rays branched in young and adults; pored lateral-line scales 2-8 (mode 3) with last pored scale situated from below second to fifth dorsal-fin spine base; longitudinal scale series about 50 rows; gill rakers 17-21 (mode 19); presence of palatine teeth; distinct nuchal and parietal spines; suborbital spines 3-5 (mode 5); the nape and anterior part of body moderately arched throughout life; relatively short post-nuchal-spine length, 3.2-9.5% (mean 5.7%) of SL; relatively long caudal-fin length, 23.4-30.7% (mean 26.7%) of SL; black spots on posterior half of caudal peduncle 5-37 (mode 8); body of preserved specimens with 4 distinct saddles (Ref. 92845).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., 1986. Scorpaenidae. p. 463-478. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4313)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.3 - 18.8, mean 13.1 (based on 154 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00587 - 0.02579), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .