Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Eurasia: endemic to the Jordan River drainage basin. Records from the Orontes or Tigris-Euphrates are misidentifications.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 25 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13609); 70.0 cm TL (female); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11028)
Bottom dweller that feeds mainly on benthic organisms. In Lake Tiberias the main food items are chironomid larvae and oligochaetes, while gastropods form only a minor part of the diet. Spawns January to March in shallow waters of small streams, eggs being deposited on gravel. Very tasty fish but the spawn is toxic (Andrey Mazlin, pers. comm., 2003).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Krupp, F. and W. Schneider, 1989. The fishes of the Jordan River drainage basin and Azraq Oasis. p. 347-416. In Fauna of Saudi Arabia. vol. 10. (Ref. 13609)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00504 - 0.02078), b=3.01 (2.85 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.39 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .