Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Siamese local name of the fish "ikan bettah". More on authors: Kottelat & Ng.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Banka, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12803)
(total): 0 - 1;
soft rays: 27 - 28. Differs from Betta hipposideros in the following characters: µ-shaped black throat mark (vs. horseshoe-shaped black mark); absence of both dorsal and caudal transverse bars (vs. presence); fewer subdorsal scales (mode 5-6 vs. 6 1/2). Distinguished from Betta renata in the following characters: µ-shaped black throat mark (vs. kidney-shaped); absence of both dorsal and caudal transverse bars (vs. presence); non-spotted opercle (vs. spotted opercle); opercle with yellow lower margin (vs. black margin); fewer subdorsal scales (mode 5-6 vs. 6 1/2). Can be differentiated from Betta spilotogena in the following characters: µ-shaped black throat mark (vs. black median spot); non-spotted opercles (vs. spotted opercle; and an opercle with yellow lower margin (vs. back margin) (Ref. 56386).
Occurs in a secondary forest area in a pool among leaf litter.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and P.K.L. Ng, 1994. Diagnoses of five new species of fighting fishes from Banka and Borneo (Teleostei: Belontiidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 5(1):65-78. (Ref. 12803)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .